Childhood Labor

Demi Hatfield

1. Information on Child Labor Laws (in general)

Child labor laws ensure that our youth have the necessary time to pursue their education and be employed in a safe workplace. Georgia's child labor law was written in 1878 whereas the federal child labor law is provided for under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) enacted in 1938.

2. Child Labor Laws specific to the state of Georgia

The Georgia Department of Labor (GDOL) Child Labor section administers and monitors the guidelines and restrictions for the employment of youth who have not yet reached their 18th birthday and performs the following functions: •Reviews all issued Employment Certificates, commonly called Work Permits, to ensure job duties do not appear to be in violation of the law and that the form has been properly completed;

•Conducts inspections of possible law violations; Issues Certificates of Consent for minors in entertainment; and Makes child labor presentations to schools, employers, and other interested parties.

3. Child Labor Law information about 1 other state- Louisina

Louisiana state legislation allows children ages 12 to 14 to begin working part-time under very limited circumstances. They are afforded the same rights as those who are employed at ages 15 and 16; however, they can only be employed if the business is owned and supervised by a legal guardian or parent. No child under age 16 is allowed to work in establishments that sell alcohol, operate heavy machinery or manufacture goods. Hours worked by children under the age of 16 are not to interfere with scheduled school hours.

4. Child Labor Laws in 2 countries- Europe & Canada

Europe- The employment of children is prohibited. The minimum age of admission to employment may not be lower than the minimum school leaving age, without prejudice to such rules as may be more favorable to young people and except for limited derogations.

Canada-

The provinces, the territories and the federal government regulate the employment of children and youths. Generally, children and youths under 18 may work as long as it does not hurt their health, welfare, or safety or interfere with school attendance. Most provinces do not allow children under 14 years of age to work except in special cases.