Human and Reproductive Cloning

Is cloning immoral and should the US ban stand?

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About cloning

Cloning is an identical copy of a plant or animal that uses genetic material of single celled organisms. Plant cloning only requires cutting the stem, leaf, or root of a plant and planting it. However, animal cloning isn't as simple. Until the successful cloning of a cow named Dolly, people had only made new breeds of animals, not exact copies. Human cloning has been banned in the US since 2008, but the debate over if the ban should stand and if cloning is ethical or not is still ongoing.
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Pros and Cons

Pros:


  • medical benefits/advantages
  • allows scientists to experiment
  • way scientists express themselves
Cons:



  • creating new life
  • process will involve still births and sudden deaths
  • out of every 100 clones only 1 successful
  • still problems not worked out
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Both Sides

AGAINST: Some people believe that cloning is ethical and therefore don't want the ban to stand. Elizabeth Price says that cloning is protected under the first amendment and is a way that scientists can express themselves and test hypothesis's. She says that the current law provides them with fundamental freedoms. Dam W. Block says that there are no moral reasons against cloning to create human life. He says that " Human embryos are not full moral persons, and therefore, their use and destruction in important stem cell research is ethical."



FOR: Many other people believe that cloning is unethical and immoral. Leon R. Kass says that " We must also ensure that all life is treated with the dignity it deserves." Half of the normal-seeming cows that were tested died within the three week. Only one out of one hundred clones end up surviving, and the process is still loaded with problems.

Conclusion

Based on my research, I believe that human and reproductive cloning is immoral and that US ban should stand. Although cloning might be protected under the first amendment of the constitution and might led to medical advantages and benefits, I feel that it is wrong to create life other than the way life was meant to be made. The process of cloning still also has many problems and cloning could result in stillbirths, sudden deaths, and other issues could be dangerous. Overall, I feel that life should be treated with respect and that it's wrong to create clones.

Bibliography

Animal Cloning. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 17 Dec 2015. http://quest.eb.com/search/132_1244987/1/132_1244987/cite

Bill of Rights. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 17 Dec 2015. http://quest.eb.com/search/139_1905077/1/139_1905077/cite

Brock, Dan W. "Research Cloning Is Ethical." Cloning. Ed. Jacqueline Langwith. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2012. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "Creating Embryos for Use in Stem Cell Research."Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38.2 (Summer 2010): 229-237. Opposing Viewpoints in Context.

"Cloning." Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection. Detroit: Gale, 2015. Opposing Viewpoints in Context.

Economist, The. "Reproductive Cloning Is Immoral." The Ethics of Human Cloning. Ed. John Woodward. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2005. At Issue. Opposing Viewpoints in Context.

Foley, Elizabeth Price. "The United States Should Not Ban Human Cloning." Cloning. Ed. Jacqueline Langwith. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2012. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "The Constitutional Implications of Human Cloning." Arizona Law Review 43.2 (11 June 2011): 16-46. Opposing Viewpoints in Context.

Human Cloning. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 17 Dec 2015. http://quest.eb.com/search/132_1243826/1/132_1243826/cite

Kass, Leon R. "The United States Should Ban Reproductive Cloning and Place a Moratorium on Research Cloning." Cloning. Ed. Jacqueline Langwith. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2012. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "Defending Life and Dignity: How, Finally, to Ban Human Cloning." The Weekly Standard 13.23 (25 Feb. 2008). Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 8 Dec. 2015