Battles of the Civil War

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The First Battle of Bull Run


Union troops gathered around Washington D.C. in hope of seizing Manassas, VA, which was a vital railroad, but the Confederate troops aligned the creek waiting for Union forces at Bull Run. This was the first large battle of the war. The Confederate forces defeated the Union.

The Peninsular Campaign

General McClellan was in command of Union Army. He decided to approach Richmond from the Atlantic coast. McClellan landed troops in Yorktown, which is a peninsula between the York and James River, east of Richmond. There were battles fought there throughout July of 1862. The Confederates defeated the Union in the battles, led by General Joseph E. Johnston, then General Robert E. Lee.

The Battle of Antietam

General Lee, commander of the Northern Virginia Army, moved to strike Union territory in Maryland. A Confederate messenger dropped a copy of the battle plans, which was found by a Union soldier. The Union then learned that Lee's forces were divided, so General Grant attacked. Antietam (Sharpsburg) was a day long battle on September 17, 1862 at Antietam Creek in Maryland. The battle ended in a draw.

The Battle of Shiloh

This battle was the first after the Union dispersed troops into the West, as well as the East. The Battle of Shiloh was fought as one of the battles of the "War in the West." General Grant led his army into Tennessee and continued to advance. Confederate forces attacked near Shiloh, resulting in thousands of casualties between both armies in two days of fighting. The Union won the bloodiest battle of the Civil War, even though they suffered more losses than the Confederates.
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The Battle of Chancellorville

The South won the Battle of Chancellorville, part of the rising hope in the South. This was a time for hope in the South because the Union was loosing troops. Stonewall Jackson was killed accidentally by one of his own men at Chancellorville when mistaken for a Yankee.
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