Religions and Cultures in India

Rohan Panaparambil

DIVERSITY OF RELIGION

HINDUISM, BUDDHISM, SIKHISM, JAINISM

HINDUISM

  • most common religion in India
  • developed from Vedism
  • four Vedas
  • pantheon of gods
  • Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva

ISLAM

  • largest minority
  • trade with Arabs
  • Mamluk Turk Qutbuddin Aibak
  • Aurangzeb

BUDDHISM

  • Siddhartha Gautama
  • Middle Path
  • Ashoka
  • popular among lower castes

JAINISM

  • Vardhaman Mahavira
  • jina - conqueror
  • complete nonviolence
  • staunch vegetarianism

CHRISTIANITY

  • Saint Thomas
  • Saint Xavier 1542
  • spread north and east from Kerala

SIKHISM

  • combination of Hinduism and Islam
  • Guru Nanak
  • Guru Granth Sahib
  • 10 gurus
  • influenced by Sufi Islam

ZOROASTRIANISM

  • brought by Persians who migrated to India
  • got permission from Jadhav Rana
  • promised to live in India unobstrusively
  • Ahura Mazda

DIVERSITY OF CULTURE

LANGUAGE

  • There are over 200 languages, and almost 1600 dialects spoken in India
  • 20 more common languages
  • Currency printed in 15 languages

CLOTHING

  • based on religion
  • styles of wearing vary regionally
  • sari, lungi, dhoti
  • salwar-kameez, kurta
  • rumal, topi, turban

FOOD

  • based on religion
  • rice and wheat are staples
  • oils and spices
  • sweets, sugar and milk based
  • seafood in coastal regions

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES

ADVANTAGES

  • tourism
  • heritage
  • flora and fauna
  • integration
  • profession

DISADVANTAGES

  • tension
  • corruption
  • wealth gap
  • conflicting interests

CONNECTION TO GOD OF SMALL THINGS

The God of Small Things takes place in Ayemenem, Kerala. The major characters are all Syrian Christian, which makes them a minority in India, but a fair representation in Kerala. The lifestyle in Kerala is also significantly different from other regions of India, and it is interesting to watch as the diversity in India plays out in the novel.

WORKS CITED

Articlesbase.com. Articlesbase.com, n.d. Web. 04 May 2013.


"Kamat's Potpourri: The Diversity of India." Kamat's Potpourri: The Diversity of India. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 May 2013.


"Religions in India - Indian Religion - Religions of India - Major Religions in India." Religions in India - Indian Religion - Religions of India - Major Religions in India. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 May 2013.