ELA Terms to know

By: Litzy Viveros

Connotation and Denotation

  • Connotation: is the range of secondary significance which a word commonly suggests. Its the emotional and imaginative association surrounding a word.
  • Denotation: is the primary or literal significance. Its the strict dictionary meaning of a word.
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Point of View

  • First Person: is who is telling the story (me/I).
  • Second Person: is how a story is told (you).
  • Third Person Limited: is the narrator only knows the thoughts and feelings of one character (they, he/she)
  • Third Person Omniscient: in which the narrator is a character in the story, but also knows the thoughts and feelings of all the other characters.

Simile and Metaphor

Simile: a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind (using like or as).

Metaphor: a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable (I am, it is).

Types of Poetry

Lyric: are poems that have musical rhythm, and their topics often explore romantic feelings or other strong emotions.

Epic: is a long poem that is usually about heroic deeds and events that are significant to the culture of the poet.

Narrative: is a form of poetry that tells a story.

Commonplace assertion, Opinion,and Fact

Commonplace Assertion: is ordinary, undistinguished/uninteresting, without individuality.

Opinion: is what you think of something.

Fact: is something that is true.