Effective Lesson Planning

Teaching, Learning, and Learning in the 21st Century

The Most Important Elements of Effective Lesson Design:

1.) According to the class text, Research is one of the most important components effective lesson design. Gather as much knowledge from as many sources as possible.

2.) The next important element is to practice developing skills to automaticity.

3.) Another element is that every lesson plan begins with writing good learning objectives.

4.) Clarity, completeness, and specificity are also needed to drive the rest of the lesson plan design.

5.) Developing clear learning objectives can also help develop conceptual understanding for cognition.

Good Learning Objectives are Critical to Planning Effective in Instruction:

Developing clear learning objectives can also help develop conceptual understanding for cognition (Newman, 2013).

According to the class text, "They are also the means by which learning is evaluated during a lesson, class period, or even one activity", (Newman, 2013).

Clear and precise objectives drive effective lesson plans and content instruction.

Provide an example of a good learning objective aligned with the Common Core State Standards. What makes this a good learning objective?

Teaching the letter blending sounds. Helps develop child's cognitive learning to prepare for kindergarten and introduce to reading also help to identify names and different words.

Common pitfalls in planning effective lessons:

Focusing on the activities the students will do instead of what they need to learn.

Focusing on finding hands on activities instead of solid planning.

Focusing on getting through the textbook more than teaching with a clear purpose.

Focusing on teaching the test rather than on the student's depth of knowledge.

Ways these pitfalls can be avoided:

By using the backward planning design.

By thinking about what you want students to take away from the lesson.

Realize that real learning does not always come from hands on activities, so choose activities carefully.

Realize that covering a textbook does not constitute learning or knowledge retention.

Backward Design Means:

According to the class text, "this type of planning is a three-stage process that begins with the end in mind. It begins with defining what teachers want students to learn (Newman, 2013).

The Common Core State Standards Initiative play a role in designing effective instruction:

" The standards were created to ensure that all students graduate with skills and knowledge necessary to succeed," (CCSSI, 2015).

Makes material standard in each state.

Allows teachers to focus on the core conceptual understandings and procedures.

Backward Design Model

Select topic to cover with learning outcome.

Measures student comprehension.

Reteach standard

Assess results using assessments

Develop engaging learning activities

Student centered

Focus on the output


Give feedback


Use Standards

Develop Learning


Traditional Model

Develop engaging learning activities

Select topic to cover

Use textbook to assess student comprehension

Focus on input

Teacher focused


Common Core State Standards Initiative. (http://


Newman, R. (2013) Teaching and Learning in the 21st Century:

connecting the dots. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education,