Excretory System

Kidney Stones

Information

  • Causes: they form when your urine contains more crystal-forming substances than the fluid in your urine can dilute. Or it can be genetic.
  • Description: they are small and hard and they form inside your kidneys. They affect your urination. The body system this occurs in, is called the excretory system.
  • Treatment: if they are small, drink water, take pain relievers, or do medical therapy. If they're large, use sound waves to break up stones, get surgery, or remove them with a scope.
  • Prevention:Drink water, eat fewer oxalate-rich foods, eat low amounts of salt and animal protein, eat calcium-rich foods, but use caution with calcium supplements.
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Quiz

  1. True or False? Kidney stones can be genetic.
  2. What is the name of the body system that these kidney stones take place in?
  3. What is one way to treat small kidney stones?
  4. What is one way to treat large kidney stones?
  5. What is one way to prevent kidney stones?