President Lyndon B. Johnson

Shane Odom

The "Election"

After President Kennedy was assassinated the presidential duties fell to Johnson who was inaugurated on Air Force One on November 22, 1963. Johnson ran again in the 1964 election in which he was the democratic elect and Barry Goldwater was the republican. LBJ won by nearly double Goldwater's votes, 61.1% to 38.5%

The Great Society

-Largest reform agenda since FDR's New Deal

-Passed JFK's civil rights bill

-Medicare lowered the cost of healthcare for the elderly

-Attacked poverty with the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964

-Saved 9.1 million acres of land in the Wilderness Protection Act

-Helped disadvantaged children going into preschool with Head Start

-Vista, Volunteers In Service of America, applied in poverty riddled regions of America

24th Amendment

Prohibited Congress and the state representatives from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax. Ratified on January 23, 1964.

Tonkin Gulf Resolution and the Vietnam War

-Enacted on August 10, 1964.

  • -Joint resolution that the U.S. congress passed on August 7, 1964
  • -Authorized LBJ without a formal declaration of war to use conventional military force in Southeast Asia.
  • -Enabled President Johnson to send troops over to aid in the Vietnamese War
  • -"Operation Rolling Thunder" was authorized in 1965 and called for the bombing of North Vietnam and NLF held territory in South Vietnam
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act of 1964

    -Outlawed discrimination based on sex, race, color, religion, or national origin

    -Signed into law on June 2, 1964

    Voting Rights Act of 1964

    -Outlawed discrimination in voting based on sex, race, color, religion, or national origin

    -Signed into law on August 6, 1965

    1968- A "Watershed" Year

  • -Tet offensive, on the Vietnamese New Year, the North Vietnamese soldiers were thought to be recovering and celebrating, but instead had launched a massive attack against 27 key South Vietnamese cities including Saigon, South Vietnam's capital.
  • -Military loss but political win for North Vietnam since the American public called for an end to the war.
  • -Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated on April 4, 1968 in Memphis, TN
  • -Robert Kennedy was assassinated on June 4, 1968 in Los Angeles, CA
  • -Nixon becomes President