Water Borne

By:Marissa Womack, Frank Neeley,Daniel Hong, & Aahil Sayani

Bacteria: Cholera

The scientific name for Cholera is Vibrio Cholerae. It's kingdom is eubacteria. It's habitat is water. Symptoms of Cholera is Diarrhea and dehydration. The way cholera infects the body is that when the bacteria gets in the body the stomach acid is able to fight some of it off, but some of the bacter g to the small intestine which causes a huge amount of salt loss which comes in a form of watery diarrhea. When this form of dehydration causes severe death. It's reproduction is binary fission. It's treatments is rehydration, IV fluids, and antibiotics. The prevention is to drink lots of water, wash your hands with safe water, and cook food well and eat it hot and peel fruits and vegetables.

Protist: Amebiasis

Amebiasis is a parasitic infection of the intestines caused by the protozoan Entamoeba histolytica (scientific name). The amebiasis are in the protist kingdom and their habitat is in feces, contaminated water, and animals. The symptoms of this water borne disease caused by Protists are abscesses, infections, severe illness, death, and if the parasite invades the lining of your intestine, it can produce amoebic dysentery. Amebic dysentery is a more dangerous form of the disease with frequent watery and bloody stools and severe cramping. The disease usually enters the human body when a person ingests cysts through food or water. It can also enter the body through direct contact with fecal matter. Amebiasis infection is most common in tropical areas with poor sanitation. Travelers to these areas shouldn't consume untreated waters and uncooked food, such as produce, that may have been washed in local water. This microorganism reproduces asexually, using binary fission. The treatments for this protozoan disease is pharmacologic therapy, surgical intervention, and preventive measures. How do you prevent this type of water borne disease, you ask? Well filtering, or purifying drinking water (iodine or boiling) in endemic areas will help prevent this terrible disease. Improved sanitation will help reduce likelihood of transmission, too.

Protisti: Algea Blooms

Algae blooms are simple plants that range in size from microscopic to large seaweeds more then one hundred feet. It is a rapid increase in the population of algae water system. Algae blooms result when water temperatures are warm and when the nutrients, such as nitrogen and phosphorus, are present in the water. The algae bloom blocks sun light for the other organisms that need it. When the algae bloom dies and decomposes,they deplete the oxygen in the water and starve fish and plants, causing to kill the fish and damaging the ecology. They can also release poisonous toxins that poison plants, water, humans, animals, and pets. It can also damage your health. It occurs in the marines, estuaries, and fresh water. It also occurs along the coastline of the US. It is a protsist. The scientific name is gymnodinium. The treatments for this disease is seaweed, drinking water for the health, algae bloom can also be removed by .Short–term control techniques for drinking water supplies include changing the position or depth of offtakes so they are away from where algal cells scums accumulate, and the use of barriers to restrict scum movement. The most reliable method of algal toxin removal is using activated carbon filtration. This approach uses either powdered activated carbon, which can be added intermittently whenever the need arises, or granular activated carbon absorbers, which are used continuously. Accordingly, granular activated carbon may be more expensive than powdered activated carbon when only used intermittently, but it is also generally more effective and more reliable for consistent removal of soluble organic compounds.

Animal: Guinea Worm Disease

Dracunculus mediensis also known as Guinea warm is Alpert of the animilia kingdom. Guinea worm is a nematode that causes dracunculiasis, also known as Guinea worm as disease. The disease is caused by the female which, at up to 800 mm ( 31 in) in length l, so among the longest nematodes infecting humans. In contrast, the longest recorded male Guinea is only 40 mm ( 1.6 in). The disease affects poor communities in remote parts of Africa that do not have safe water to drink. The culprit in Guinea worm disease is a roundworm parasite called Dracunculus medinensis, whose larvae dwell in microscopic water fleas. People contract the disease by drinking unfiltered water harboring larvae infected fleas. Once swallowed and passed through the stomach, these larvae burrow into the stomach, these larvae burrow into the intestinal tissue and reproduce. The off spring are worms that migrate through the body tissues on a slow journey toward the skin. The symptoms of this disease are diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fever, and itching.There is no drug treatment for Guinea worm disease nor a vaccine to prevent it.