Teen Leadership Health Project

By: Austin Hansen and Andrew Herubin

The Many Wonders of Water

Water is one of the most important things to consume in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Drinking water on a daily basis has many positive factors. Some of these factors are things such as energy levels, maintaining a high metabolism, building muscle, reducing stress, and many many more positive factors.

Many people stay hydrated throughout the day by carrying a water bottle that appeals to them. Purchasing a water bottle that you enjoy drinking from makes a difference in both how likely you are to carry it and sip from it.
Many people find the taste of water boring, so in conclusion to that, many people add fruit flavors such as strawberry, kiwi, and various others. There are many brands of flavors that have little or no calories in them, and many choose these flavors because of the various health benefits that they can gain, rather than adding brands such as Kool Aid, and many others. Another popular flavor blend that many use in their water is by adding or squeezing lemons into their glasses of water to bring a nice fruitful flavor in the drink.
Many people take advantage of the various health benefits water brings to them for losing weight. Drinking high quantities of water can boost up your metabolism level, which leads to an increase in the rate in which people burn calories as opposed to storing them as fat. Water also improves your blood circulation, flushing out toxins and impurities., and increases the amount of water in your skin cells which helps getting rid of wrinkles and helps you look younger.
In conclusion, water is the right way to go if you are looking at improving your health, and to living a healthy lifestyle. Drink up!
http://www.active.com/nutrition/Articles/The-Many-Wonders-of-Water-6-Reasons-to-Drink-Up.htm


New Tuberculosis Vaccine Doesn't Protect Infants

A new study in South Africa has showed that the new revolutionary tuberculosis vaccine won’t protect babies. The new vaccine, MVA85A, was made to improve the only other known vaccine for tuberculosis, BCG.

The vaccine, BCG, is given to newborns to prevent tuberculosis, an airborne disease that causes bacteria to grow in the spot of the infection. Tuberculosis kills over one-million people in the world every year. Although the MVA85A vaccine seems safe, there is no proof that it prevents tuberculosis.

Many people were discouraged by the results of what seemed to be the newest tuberculosis vaccine. Although the new vaccine seems completely useless, previous tests with the MVA85A vaccine have provided useful information, and there are dozens of other new vaccines currently being tested.

MVA85A was developed at Oxford University and tested in South America. About 2,800 infants were tested. The infants already had been given the BCG vaccine, sometime between 2009 and 2011. Half of the babies received the new, MVA85A, vaccine while the other half got a placebo. A placebo is a fake treatment for a disease or another medical condition intended to trick the recipient causing a thought or actual improvement in medical condition called the placebo effect.

I think that the vaccine helped the medical world with information and has useful components to it, but currently it is completely useless.


http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/02/04/tuberculosis-vaccine-for-babies_n_2616294.html


The New Vomiting Bug

Everybody is worried about the flu, but the new vomiting bug, or norovirus, is causing problems in many parts of the world. Norovirus causes seventy-thousand hospitalizations and eight-hundred deaths annually, generally in young children and the elderly. The virus causes nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and stomach pains. Norovirus is often called the stomach flu, yet it is not related to influenza.

People in Athens have been reporting symptoms similar to the ones in the norovirus, especially in families that have children. Public schools have lost a large amount of students due to the disease.

Last year a form of norovirus was appeared in Australia. It then spread to the United Kingdom where it infected over a million people. This case of norovirus was responsible for fifty-four percent of norovirus affected people. Now, it has hit the United States through a new form which seems to be the most serious at the moment.

The first U.S. norovirus outbreak was reported in Ohio during 1968. Approximately twenty-one million people are affected by the norovirus every year.

Twenty-five percent of norovirus is foodborne, and is capable of spreading quickly in closed-in areas such as: daycare centers, nursing homes, school, and cruise ships.

http://athens.patch.com/articles/new-strain-of-norovirus-the-winter-vomiting-bug-on-the-rise-e8f3f374


The Perfect Push-Up

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Healthy Recipes #1

Apple Crumble - Dessert

Serves 6

For crumble crust:

1 cup raw walnuts

1 cup raw pecans

1/2 cup oat flour

2 Tbsp agave nectar

1/4 cup apple juice or cider

1 tsp cinnamon

1 tsp freshly grated nutmeg

Pulse walnuts and pecans in food processor. Add in oat flour, agave nectar, apple juice, cinnamon, and nutmeg. Pulse until combined. Press mixture into oiled pie pan, saving 1/4 cup for topping. Bake for 5 minutes at 375 degrees.

For apple filling:

6 apples, peeled and sliced thin

1/4 cup cane sugar

1 tsp pure vanilla extract

1 Tbsp lemon juice

1 tsp cinnamon

1 tsp freshly grated nutmeg

Put apple slices into a large bowl. In a medium bowl, combine cane sugar, vanilla extract, lemon juice, cinnamon, and nutmeg. Toss apples with sugar mixture. Fill par-baked pie crust with apple mixture and top with remaining nut mixture. Bake at 400 degrees for 40 minutes.



Healthy Recipes #2

Veggistrone Soup - Dinner
2 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
2 cups chopped onions (2 medium)
2 cups chopped celery (4 medium stalks)
1 cup chopped green bell pepper (1 medium)
4 cloves garlic, minced
3 cups chopped cabbage
3 cups chopped cauliflower (about 1/2 medium)
2 cups chopped carrots (4 medium)
2 cups green beans, cut into 1-inch pieces, or frozen, thawed
8 cups low-sodium vegetable broth or chicken broth
2 cups water
1 15-ounce can tomato sauce
1 14-ounce can diced tomatoes
1 15-ounce can kidney or pinto beans, rinsed
1 bay leaf
4 cups chopped fresh spinach or one 10-ounce package frozen chopped spinach, thawed
1/2 cup thinly sliced fresh basil
10 tablespoons freshly grated Parmesan cheese
  1. Heat oil in a large soup pot or Dutch oven (8-quart or larger) over medium heat. Add onions, celery, bell pepper and garlic; cook, stirring frequently, until softened, 13 to 15 minutes. Add cabbage, cauliflower, carrots and green beans; cook, stirring occasionally, until slightly softened, about 10 minutes more.
  2. Add broth, water, tomato sauce, tomatoes, beans and bay leaf; cover and bring to a boil. Reduce heat and simmer, partially covered, until the vegetables are tender, 20 to 25 minutes. Stir in spinach and simmer for 10 minutes more.
  3. Discard the bay leaf. Stir in basil. Top each portion with 1 tablespoon cheese.


Healthy Recipe #3

Lemon-Raspberry Muffins
Ingredients
1 lemon
1/2 cup sugar
1 cup nonfat buttermilk, (see Tip)
1/3 cup canola oil
1 large egg
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
1 cup white whole-wheat flour, or whole-wheat pastry flour (see Shopping Tip)
1 cup all-purpose flour
2 teaspoons baking powder
1 teaspoon baking soda
1/4 teaspoon salt
1 1/2 cups fresh or frozen (not thawed) raspberries
Directions
1. Preheat oven to 400 degrees F. Coat 12 large (1/2-cup) muffin cups with cooking spray or line with paper liners.
2. Use a vegetable peeler to remove the zest from the lemon in long strips. Combine the zest and sugar in a food processor; pulse until the zest is very finely chopped into the sugar. Add buttermilk, oil, egg and vanilla and pulse until blended.
3. Combine whole-wheat flour, all-purpose flour, baking powder, baking soda and salt in a large bowl. Add the buttermilk mixture and fold until almost blended. Gently fold in raspberries. Divide the batter among the muffin cups.
4. Bake the muffins until the edges and tops are golden, 20 to 25 minutes. Let cool in the pan for 5 minutes before turning out onto a wire rack. Serve warm.
Tips:
Tip: No buttermilk? Mix 1 tablespoon lemon juice into 1 cup milk.
Shopping Tip: White whole-wheat flour, made from a special variety of white wheat, is light in color and flavor but has the same nutritional properties as regular whole wheat. Whole-wheat pastry flour can be used as a substitute here. Both can be found in the natural-foods section of the supermarket or online from King Arthur Flour, bakerscatalogue.com.
MAKE AHEAD TIP: Wrap each in plastic and freeze in a freezer bag for up to 1 month. To reheat, remove plastic, wrap muffin in a paper towel and microwave on High for 30 to 60 seconds.

Daily Workout Ideas

#1. While you watch T.V., during commercial breaks, go down and do 10 pushups, and 20 situps.

#2. When getting out of bed in the morning, take 5 minutes and do some stretches to start your day off great.

#3. Go on a daily walk, bike ride, or run to help with blood circulation and to stay in great shape.