The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill

By: Andrea San Luis

Where and When

The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill happened in March 24, 1989, in Prince William Sound in Alaska. The Exxon Valdez was bound for Long Beach, California when tragedy struck.

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How and Why?

-The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill occurred in 1989, because it ran aground on Bligh Reef. It ruptured and spilled 11 million gallons of crude oil in Prince William Sound.

-The spill happened because Exxon allowed Captain Hazelwood to command the ship, despite knowing that he was a relapsed alchoholic.

The Damage it Done

-The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill utterly destroyed the environment, because after the spill, approximately 11 million gallons of oil spread and impacted about 1,300 miles of oil.

-The spill also resulted in deaths of more than a billion birds and sea animals, such as killer whales, otters, seals, salmon, herring, bald eagles, and seabirds.

Cleaning Up

-The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill made a huge mess- so people made a huge effort to clean up.

It took at least 4 summers to clean the spill up, until efforts were called off. Exxon said about $2.1 million was spent on the cleanup.

-Several methods used were Hot Water Treatment, but was stopped, beacuse it cooked a lot of animals. Mechanical cleanup, solvents, and chemicals were used, also. Bioremedation was probably the most succesful method.

-Volunteers also made an effort to clean the wildlife. Thye scrubbed otters and ducks with gentle soap, but they died.

Lasting Effects

-Many scars leave a mark, and the spill definitely did. The population of sea animals and birds are still low, and not a high chance of recovery. The waters are tainted and some beaches in the area remain oiled to this day. Fisheermen also need to look for better places to fish in.

Before

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After

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