John Dewey


Decription of our leader

John Dewey was an American philosophor, psychologist, and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform. Dewey is one of the primary figures associated with philosophy of pragmatism and is considered one of the founders of progressive education. A well-known public intellectual, he was also a major voice of functional psychology and liberalism.

what he is resposible for and the definition:

Progressive education is a pedagogical movement that began in the late nineteenth century and has persisted in various forms to the present. The term "progressive" was engaged to distinguish this education from the traditional curriculum of the 19th century, which was rooted in classical preparation for the university and strongly differentiated by socioeconomic level. By contrast, progressive education finds its roots in present experience.

impact on public education:

• Progressive education: founded experimental Elementary school in his university for the development of education

• the duty of school to give children, not only an insight into the social importance of such activities, but also the opportunities to practice in real life in the form of games or any other activity base task, which leads naturally into the problem solving

• Dewey emphasized on child interest and his motivation to solve the problems

• Functionalism emphasized on individual Differences (capacity) in mental abilities (Darwin theory of variation)

• Francis Galton and james Cattel functional psychologist work on mental abilities and how to measure with mental tests

• It starts a movement of mental testing on the school level and classifying children in different intellectual groupings