Canada in to the Future-2060
Canada Since Birth
The Canadian society has adapted too many changes that have changed Canadian demography in many ways. Since Canada's official start as a nation, in 1867, the country has gone through many transitions. Some of them have been torturous to the people and others have benefited their lives. The contact of people outer other countries has also shaped this nation. Immigrants are actually the bases that started this country. This info graph deals with Canada's current situation demographically, however the purpose of this info graph is to outline to you the changes that are to come and the most possible future that is ahead of our nation, more specific by the year 2060.
Current Canadian Demography
Factors surrounding Population and Immigration
Canada's population is in a stable position, however not healthy. Being the 2nd largest nation in the world, our population is insufficient to its size. The population is estimated to be 36 million based on information from our last census. The cause of our subsided population is caused by our natural increase. Moreover, the low birth rate is to blame. Our birthrate is 10.29 births/ 1000 population. This number shows that our birth rate has decreased over the years. Additionally, our death rate has been at an all-time low for the greater good because of the advancements in medicine. Therefore, the death rate is not the root of the problem and points out the birth rate at fault.The reduction of our the birth rate has been caused by the change in our society. Equality among women is common and the status of women has improved dramatically. With this in mind, women are taking action by more time into their career. Thus, women are not choosing to get pregnant because it raises complications for their future. Our main economic incomes have also changed. In the era of a high birth rate, in particular the early stages of Canada, agriculture ruled the majority of the economy. However, farmers needed workers, although they weren't putting out the money. They decided having children was the best option because of their financial situation. By connecting the dots, we can fairly assume farmers many children. Many died at birth because of the inadequate health care. In our life time, the economy is wide spread and incomes is gained through many fields so the need for children in work is not mandatory . Also, child labour is prohibited in Canada, therefore eliminating farmers to use children as workers which results in a lower birth rate. Connecting the relationship between birth rate and death rate we see that the natural increase rate is low. In order to fill this negligence in Canada's growth, Canada receives immigrants.
First Nations In Canada
Aboriginal people have been neglected for years since Europeans started to move to Canada. Aboriginal people are still being overlooked and we are in the year 2015. The Canadian government has made promises such as acts that were for the purpose of bettering first nations life's. This agreements have never been lived up to their full expectation. Besides the government, non-first nations usually categorize them as drug users whether it is alcohol or illegal substances. Many people also think they have life easy since they don't have to pay taxes. Despite their claims that is not true, they still have to pay most taxes. These disputes should not be deteriorated since first nations are part of Canada's society and are classified as Canadians. They play an extensive role in Canada's demography and economy. First nations represent 4.3% of Canada's population. In other words, there are roughly 1 400 000 Aboriginals in Canada. With the understanding of the size of the population, they have a significant impact on the economy. Many companies, mostly government such as hydro and electricity, need equipment running through aboriginal settlements. In order to come to agreements, many communities decide to come to a settlement where company equipment is allowed if aboriginal workers are hired. The outcome leads to a larger employment rate in the towns, people are able to receive essentials to everyday life, and the economy is assisted.
Population in 2060
Canadian population has been stable and fairly at a low number looking at the size of the nation. Looking towards the future our population is going to change with a dramatic effect. Over the last 100 years the natural increase rate has been all over the place. Looking into the recent years we see a slow growing trend because of the low birth and death rates. By taking this information, the most possible scenario ahead of us is that the natural increase rate will continue to decline. Moreover, to support this analysis, baby boomers are growing older as time goes on. This group is makes up a large sum of Canada's population. to the extent that the population is getting older, most of these people will reach a age of 80 by 2030. This is the age where mortality rate is the highest of all. Knowing this Canada will loss a large portion of its population . However, we still cant deny the fact that Canada will be growing. Furthermore, Canada's population will still be larger than it is now. We would have enough people to habitat the plains such as Saskatchewan and Manitoba. This is important because the locations are not colonized in large sums. This has lead for Canada to not obtain is resources in the highest extent possible that can be a huge economic resource.
The graph above shows three possible scenarios. The most likely one is where the population ends at about 54 million. I conclude this because 44 million is only a 10 million increase which is very small making it unlikely even with the expected natural increase rate. Around 60 million is of course obviously eliminated because that can only occur with a high natural increase rate since 60 million is roughly twice Canada's current population. Considering the most possible outcome for population, who would it consist of? It will range from three categories of course; the youth, adults, and seniors. Knowing that the baby boomers would be long gone by 2060, seniors population will dramatically decrease. This is actually a benefit for the Canadian economy. The less seniors meaning the dependency load is shortened. This means that the government does not have to give out as many pensions. The final result is that the government saves more money. With the decrease of seniors, the end population will be of 3 equal categories, the youth, adults, and seniors having approximately the same population.
Immigration In the Future
In previous years Canada has welcomed immigrants for their and our benefits, however in the future it will mainly be ours. As our natural increase continues declining as time goes on, we need to find a solution. Canada's solution is to compensate for the lack of a high natural increase rate by receiving immigrants. In order to attract these immigrants Canada will need to provide pull factors which will stay the same . The graph shown way above has show us 3 possible scenarios for Canada's population. The most likely outcome is where Canada has a population of around 50 million. With this in mind, how much of the population will consist of immigrants . To do this we really just need just need to know how many job positions are open and how much do we need to grow. To this knowledge we can extract economic immigrants from the rest to help our economy stay stable and grow. However, gaining these economic immigrants doesn't mean that the population growth rate is compensated for. In order to keep Canada's population rate growing at a healthy level we would need to accept family immigrants. This is because family immigrants come in large groups. Also, with families they tend to grow increasing, Canada's natural increase rate naturally rather than having to accept more immigrants in the future. Family class immigrants are also filled with young children. With the mandatory need of pursuing education in Canada, they will also be able to contribute to the economy by filling in job positions in the future. Immigrants could count of up to 80% of our population growth by the year 2031 Statistics Canada predicts. Taking this in to consideration, 80% counts for a lot, imagine in another 29 years from this point how much of the population growth be accounted by immigrants. It could possibly reach up to 90% or higher.
First Nations In Canada
Aboriginals came to Canada estimated over 35 000 years ago, most likely by use of the Beringia land bridge. Canada had an abundant amount of resources that helped the colonization of first nation. Since then many of their resources have been taken away. Many aboriginals live on reserves and are separated from the rest of Canada. First Nations have many different problems impacting their way of life.These problems should not be undervalued since the population of Aboriginals are on the verge on a strong incline. Between 2006 and 2011 the population increased by 230 000. Looking at this pattern, a majority of Canada's population in 2060 will be Aboriginals. With this in mind, In the future I believe this is likely to change. Many acts have been setting aboriginals behind. Canada will act to remove them with the inflation of their growth and needs. This will lead to first nations being more inclusive with non-Aboriginals society. In addition, with the society change, substance abuse will also decrease in aboriginals. With the increase of Aboriginals, curriculum studies will also change in schools. In particular, history classes will be more focused to educate students about aboriginals past. This is important so people in the society understand what they have been through and not to create tension between the different people. Aboriginals will also have more job opportunities since they are out of reserves which will help themselves and the economy in the long run. Most Aboriginals will also settle in Ontario because of the recent settlement patterns where 80% of first nations live in Ontario. With the joining of first nations and non-first nations, the Canadian government will also save billions of dollars. When aboriginals are located in reserves, the Canadian government is obligated to help improve and maintain the infrastructure by providing a large amount of money. With the interlace of Aboriginal people and non-Aboriginal people, we create a peaceful environment. This is one of the governments indented goals, however I feel that their main motivation is to save Canada money.