Strategies - Part One

In order for ELL students to be successful in learning English and learning content, they must be explicitly taught a variety of strategies that facilitate the learning process. All students benefit from using strategies that are flexible and can be transferred to new tasks, therefore enabling them to self-regulate their learning.

Things to Remember about Learning Strategies

  • Knowing your ELL students' educational backgrounds and their native language literacy proficiency can help you know what strategies they may already be able to do in their first language.
  • Many strategies transfer to the new language. If a student can make predictions about text in her first language, she can likely make predictions about text in the new language as she gains vocabulary.
  • Our goal is not to have students identify and label strategies, but rather to be able to engage the strategies as they read, write, listen, and speak.
  • Don't let the emphasis on explicitly teaching a strategy interfere with the overall process of interaction with text and connections made.
  • Scaffold English learners by providing many opportunities to use a variety of effective strategies as their English develops.
  • Give students time to get good at a strategy. Don't overload them with too many strategies in a short period of time without having adequate time to learn to apply them.