1930's Research Project
The Scottsboro Trials and Tom Robinson's Case
Scottsboro vs. Robinson
Overview of the Scottsboro Trials
Ruby Bates and Victoria Price: the two women who accused the nine black men of rape.
Were accused by the two white women who claimed that they raped them.
Judge James E. Horton
Judge of the Scottsboro trials.
How Are The Trials Similar?
The amount of people in the trials, however, are different. The Scottsboro Trials involved nine African American men and two white women, whereas Tom Robinson's case only involved one African American man, one white woman, and one white man (Mr. Bob Ewell).
Another difference between the two cases is that, in the Scottsboro Trials, the black men were sentenced to prison. In Tom Robinson's case, Tom tries to escape and the guards shoot him. Described in the book it says, "They shot him," said Atticus. "He was running. It was during their exercise period. They said he just broke into a blind raving charge at the fence and started climbing over. Right in front of them...the guards called to him to stop. They fired a few shots in the air, then to kill. They got him as he went over the fence." (page 296)
The Jury's Reaction To The Trial
The juries that determined the Scottsboro boys' fate were immediately jumping to the conclusion that they were guilty because they were black and believed that they actually did rape the women without even listening to the evidence. The jury did not care for the black men's lives and were even seen laughing as they came out of the jury room. It seems that the whole Alabama were prejudice against the black men and did not have a second thought about their innocence.