Ancient Greek Theatre
Ancient Greek Theatre, Interesting and Historical!
The Greek theatre history began with festivals honoring their gods. A god, Dionysus, was honored with a festival called by "City Dionysian". In Athens, during this festival, men used to perform songs to welcome Dionysus. Plays were only presented at City Dionysian festival. Athens was the main center for these theatrical traditions. Athenians spread these festivals to its numerous allies in order to promote a common identity.
The actors in ancient Greek theatre also have a symbolic significance in a Greek production. When Greek theatre began in a dithyrambous, there were no actors. The poet Thespis was the first to use actors; Aeschylus was the second, and Sophocles was the third. They originally called them hypocrit. The hypocrits were the leading characters. Those in the orchestra were the followers, most commonly known as the chorus. The hypocrits were always men. Males played female roles before they hit puberty and before their voices changed.
The Greek open-air theater was first a circular, flat orchestra pit located in the hollow between two hillsides.
Masks / Costumes
The Greek term for mask is persona and was a significant element in the worship of Dionysus at Athens, likely used in ceremonial rites and celebrations. Costumes have been a very important factor of the production, because they could determine the characters by gender or social status.
· Almost every Greek city had a theatre because plays were part of many religious festivals.
· The Greeks enjoyed singing and dancing.
· At first, theatres were only used for festivals.