Primary Comprehension Instruction:
Picture Walks, KWL, DRTA with Dr. Kay Stahl
By Kristin Kuckelman, Section A
Dr. Kay Stahl
Dr. Stahl studied the effectiveness of picture walks, KWL charts, and DRTAs with second grade students who were given informational science text. She wanted to know if these methods effected reading fluency, comprehension, and their contextual vocabulary about the subject.
DRTA: Directed Reading Thinking Activity
- She found that the DRTA yielded the best overall results. She concluded that when students were able to stop and discuss the text throughout the reading, they learned the most information - and remembered it.
- All three methods resulted in a significant increase in conceptual vocabulary
- Picture walk had the greatest increase in fluency
- Dr. Stahl stresses the importance of taking the time to conduct informational reading in small group settings. All students NEED to have the opportunity to stop, and talk about what they are reading.
- She encourages longer blocks of time for teaching, so teachers can integrate subject areas like social studies and science to literacy.
- Parents should read more informational text to students, and have discussions with their children about the text.
2. Do you think it is important to also take the same discussion time throughout reading when working with fiction text?