Chapter 8 , Dietary Guidelines
What is diet ?
A diet is everything you eat and drink
What is meant by a health risk ?
A health risk is the hood of developing health problems , such as heart disease, diabetes and some type of cancer.
Getting enough nutrients within your calorie needs ?
- age , gender , activity level and trying to maintain , gain or lose weight.
- Nutrient Dense - Foods is a food that provides high amounts of vitamins and minerals for relatively few calories.
How to maintain a healthy weight ?
- Risk Factor is a condition that increases your chances of developing a problem.
- Health problems that are related to too much body fat are diabetes , heart diseases , high blood pressure , some type of cancer and arthritis.
- People underweight can have less energy , lowered immunity ,nutritional deficiencies , and core body temperature .
- 2 suggestions on losing weight are control your weight and increase endurance and flexibility.
Suggestions for being physically active every day ?
- Increase your endurance and flexibility , Reduce your risk for future health problems.
- Teen should get about 60 minutes or more of being physically active.
- Get involved in a team or individual sport , Spend less time watching television and more time doing fun activities , such as bowling or skating .
Importance of whole grains , fruits , vegetables and milk
- They are nutrient rich , cholesterol free , and naturally low in fats and calories , They also help protect against heart disease , cancer , and other health problems
- Protect against heart disease and cancer.
- Make whole grain products The star of your meals. , Eat fruit instead of sugary desserts.
How to limit fats and cholesterol ?
- Unsaturated fats and trans-fats
- Heart disease
- Keep saturated fats to less than 10 percent of your calories, Eat as few foods containing trans fats possible , Limit cholesterol to less than 300 milligrams per day, Choose mostly foods prepared with little or no fat , Eat dairy foods that are mostly reduced fat , low fat and fat free, Get most of your fat from fish , nuts and healthy oils . Buy lean meat and poultry . Remove skin from chicken and turkey . Trim excess fat from meat , Eat egg yolks and whole eggs in moderation . Use egg substitutes sometimes , Choose fewer solid fats , such as butter and stick margarine.
Be choosy about carbohydrates.
- Nutrient - rich foods
- You should limit your sugar intake because it can cause blood and organ problems.
Why reduce sodium and increase potassium ?
- Sodium Helps control body fluids.
- Some diseases linked to excess sodium are high blood pressure, heart attack and stroke.
- The function of potassium is to help counteract sodium's effects on our blood pressure.
- When drinking alcohol its damages brain cells and can mess up your brain. It can also cause kidney failure and stomach damage. Alcohol can damage your eye sight and rot your teeth.
Why is food safety an important part of Dietary Guidelines ?
- Food Safety is important to the Dietary Guidelines because it is a way to level out how many vitamins, minerals, and calories that you consume a day. It all comes from The Dietary Guidelines.