What to Expect at H&M Law Firm
Plaintiff- a person who brings a case against another in a court of law.
Defendant- a person or entity accused of a crime in criminal prosecution or a person or entity against whom some type of civil relief is being sought in a civil case.
Complaint- any formal legal document that sets out the facts and legal reasons (see: cause of action) that the filing party or parties (the plaintiff(s)) believes are sufficient to support a claim against the party or parties against whom the claim is brought.
Summons- is a legal document issued by a court (a judicial summons) or by an administrative agency of government (an administrative summons) for various purposes.
Pleadings- a formal statement of the cause of an action or defense.
Pretrial Conference- is a meeting of the parties to a case conducted prior to trial.
Mediation- a way of resolving disputes between two or more parties with concrete effects.
Arbitration- the use of an arbitrator to settle a dispute.
Trial- a formal examination of evidence before a judge, and typically before a jury, in order to decide guilt in a case of criminal or civil proceedings.
Preponderance of Evidence- a requirement that more than 50% of the evidence points to something. This is the burden of proof in a civil trial. For example: At the end of civil case A v. B, 51% of the evidence favors A. Thus, A has a preponderance of the evidence, A has met their burden of proof, and A will win the case.
Verdict- a decision on a disputed issue in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.
Appeal- apply to a higher court for a reversal of the decision of a lower court.