Slavery in the 1800's

Samuel Ruiz Plaza

The Wealthy

  • Bankers, Manufactures, and Merchants made up the Wealthy Upper Class
  • They had leaders that would decide who could make up the wealthy social class
  • They voted on who was allowed to attend the wealthy gatherings
  • They determined "social grade"


The Middle Class

  • Artisans, Farmers, Lawyers, Ministers, and Shoe keepers made up the Middle Class
  • It was founded in the early 1800s
  • It was an in between wealthy and poor
  • The people in the middle class lived a simple but comfortable life which lead to male and female roles


The Poor

  • The poor lived in attics, cellars, and small apartments
  • There neighborhoods were full of crime, disease, and filth
  • Those who were employed had very poor paying jobs
  • They hoped that the Market Economy would give them an opportunity to a better life


Male Roles

  • The men worked outside of home to earn money in order to support their families
  • During this period of time many men transferred from working in farms to factories, offices, and shops
  • They were seen as the dominant figure of the family


Female Roles

  • The women stayed home and took care of the children
  • They did house work which they received no pay for taking care of the house
  • They were seen as inferior to men


Children

Upper and Middle Class

  • They did not have to work to support there family
  • They were sent to school to learn skills needed for adulthood
  • They lived at home longer than they do now in time

Poor Children

  • They had to work to support the family
  • Most were not able to go to school

Trade Unions

  • Many families were living in poverty even though the US was going through an economic prosperity
  • Children who had to work faced grim working conditions in factories
  • National Convention in 1834 founded the National Trade Unions
  • Trade Unions gave workers reforms
  • These reforms included shorter work days and better wages
  • Tension between the wealthy factory owners and poor workers lead to strikes and protests

Immigrants

  • Over 1.5 million Germans came to the USA from 1831-1860
  • They came in search of a new life
  • Some came because of political and religious reasons and others came looking for economic prosperity
  • They brought there culture with them when they came


Nativist Response

  • Protests to the arrival of immigrants
  • They believed that the immigrants were inferior to the natives (Americans)
  • Viewed them as corrupt people
  • Many wanted to restrict immigrants the right to vote and hold public office