El Salvador

Everything you need to know for your trip to El Salvador!

Background Information

El Salvador is known as "The Land of Volcanoes," popularized by it's frequent and sometimes very destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity. El Salvador is located in Central America; bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras.

It's climate is mostly tropical; though it is a bit more temperate in the uplands. It's rainy season takes place from May to October; with a terrain that is quite mountainous, with a narrow coastal belt and central plateau. As of 2013; the current population of El Salvador is approximately 6.34 million people.

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El Salvador supports two currencies in it's current government system; including the U.S dollar and the native El Salvadoran currency; the Salvadoran Colon. Currently; Salvadoran Colon exchanges at a rate of 8.74 Colons per U.S dollar.
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The Flag of El Salvador

This banner is based on the former blue-white-blue color scheme on the flag of The Federal Republic of Central America. The blue bands symbolize the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, while the white band represents the land between the two bodies of water; as well as peace and prosperity.
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Capital City

El Salvador's capital city is San Salvador. San Salvador is the largest city in El Salvador; and has been the capital since 1839.
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Tourist Attractions:

National Zoological Park of El Salvador: The National Zoological Park of El Salvador, located in the city of San Salvador, offers to the visitors a wide collection of animals from 117 different species, environments and pleasant landscapes.

Cerro San Jacinto: The San Jacinto mountain is located in the boundaries of the municipalities of San Salvador, Santo Tomas and Soyapango in the department of San Salvador, El Salvador. On its summit are the abandoned facilities of the amusement park Cable Car San Jacinto.

Plaza Barrios: The Gerardo Barrios Square is located in the historic center of the city of San Salvador. The statue that dominates the place, dedicated to President Gerardo Barrios, was created by Francisco Durini and unveiled in 1909. The figure, made ​​of bronze, shows a statue of the military. Such a structure is placed on a granite pedestal showing battle scenes and Coat of El Salvador.The square is a landmark of San Salvador as it is surrounded by buildings like the National Palace and the Metropolitan Cathedral.


Most Salvadoran food is made with corn. El Salvador's most notable dish is the pupusa, a thick handmade corn flour or rice flour tortilla stuffed with cheese, cooked pork meat ground to a paste consistency, refried beans, and/or a vine flower bud native to Central America. There are also vegetarian options, often with ayote (a type of squash) or garlic.
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Cultural Activities and Entertainment:

El Salvador Independence Day:

This holiday is celebrated on September 15th of each year.

Panchimalco Flower and Palm Festival:
This festival is held in May of every year, and you will be able to enjoy the beautiful displays of flowers and palms that are set up throughout the country. There is a lot of music and entertainment during this time, and you can be a part of it by watching the performances and enjoying the culture.

Fiestas Agostinas:

This festival is held in the month of August each year and has a variety of sport tournaments, art exhibitions, theater, food fairs, and many other events that you can enjoy while staying in El Salvador.


El Salvador is ran by a republic. This republic is known as The Republic of El Salvador and has 14 departments. Their current leader is Sanchez Ceren.
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