Hawksbill Turtles are critically endangered
One of the Hawksbill's biggest threats comes from the illegal trade of the turtle's shell; it is a prized possession and is being sold as jewellry and ornaments for centuries. While the legal international trade of hawksbill shells ceased in 1994, Cuba has recently pushed to reopen the market. A number of countries still allow the killing of hawksbill sea turtles, including the British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Haiti and the Turks and Caicos Islands. Another major threat to these turtles is the climate change. An increase in the temperature of the sand used for nesting could have serious consequences for the hawksbill turtle, as gender of the hatchlings is determined by incubation temperature. The outcome of this is likely to be a skewed sex ratio, which could threaten the stability of hawksbill turtle populations in the future.
Current conservation efforts
Paso Pacífico’s program makes protecting sea turtle nests more rewarding than raiding them. The incentive payments are given for protecting the sea turtle nests from the time the eggs are laid, and also when hatched eggs are verified by Paso Pacifico Rangers and a community committee. Individuals receive a nominal payment upon committing to protect a nest ($10 – $20/nest). There are many organizations around the world helping to save the turtles from going extinct by making laws and treaties, just anything they can do to protect this endangered species.