Social Studies Project

GDP, GDP per capita, life expectancy, infant mortality

GDP

Definition- GDP is an abbreviation for gross domestic product, it is basically all the goods and services of a country added up for a final sum.

Relationship- The GDP in some countries in the middle east is very low. For example Iran had a GDP of 368.90 billion U.S. dollars in 2013. The US GDP however was 16.80 trillion US dollars in 2013. This is a huge difference. The US is a wealthy country, but like all countries, there are very poor people too. Iran on the other hand is a pretty poor country with a lot less job and career options along with a bad government, because of this there are more poor and homeless people in Iran. This is a factor as to why they have such a low GDP.

The middle east is also a very diverse region.

My example of the middle east GDP was of one of the middle class countries there. There are also some wealthy countries such as Saudi Arabia. They have an increasing wealth and GDP because of lots of oil exports. This shows the diversity of the region. Also, this diversity is a factor in both life expectancy and infant mortality. Some countries have a good life expectancy and infant mortality but, some don't.

GDP per capita

Definition-GDP per capita is basically the GDP divided by the population of a country. It is supposed to determine the average worth of a citizen. The only downside to per capita GDP is that it assumes wealth is divided equally, but we all know it isn't.

Relationship- Places in the middle east have a low GDP but some of them have pretty large populations. This will make them have a very low GDP per capita. Assuming that wealth is divided equally, Iran had a GDP per capita of 4763.90 U.S. dollars in 2013. The U.S. on the other hand had a GDP per capita of 53,142.89 U.S. dollars in 2013. The reason for such a big difference is the population and total GDP. The U.S. had a much larger overall GDP in 2013. But the difference between the GDP per capita is even more important. The two countries populations are not very far apart.But there GDP's are very different. This is the reason the two countries GDP per capita's are so different.

This is a video about the MECI a place where middle eastern women and children are helped with education, physical activity, and health. They also aim to get women more involved, and this could raise the GDP.

Life expectancy

Definition- Life expectancy is how long you are projected to live.

Relationship- Life expectancy relates to the middle east because it is changing due to mainly pollution. Pollution is changing life expectancies because it is making both water and air dangerous to consume. If you do not have enough water or air, you will die. And now the amount of clean air and water is going down because of this pollution. This is creating many more casualties of people t a younger age. This is affecting the life expectancies of all middle eastern countries that can't fix the problem.

Infant Mortality

Definition- Infant mortality is the number of deaths of children under the age of one year. There is also an infant mortality rate. An infant mortality rate is the number of deaths during the first year of life per every one thousand live births. So it is basically the number of infant deaths per every one thousand infants born.

Relationship- Infant mortality relates to the middle east because the infant mortality rate is going down and up. In the article we read on Thursday it explained that Saudi Arabia is able to spend more money on the health of its people due to increased oil exports. The infant mortality rate in Saudi Arabia was 15 deaths/ 1000 live births. This is a great improvement because in 1990 the infant mortality rate was 37 deaths/ 1000 live births. But, that is just one country. There are also some countries with an increasing infant mortality rate. Places such as Uzbekistan and Pakistan have an increasing infant mortality rate due to the shrinking of the Aral sea.