Tibiofemoral Joint (Knee Joint)

By: Josh Mathew and Carter Colclasure

Joint Type and Movement

The tibiofemoral joint (Knee Joint) is a bicondylar type synovial joint. It mainly allows for flexion, extension, and small amount of medial and lateral rotation.

What the tibiofemoral joint is connected to:

Bones-

-patella

-fibula


Ligaments-

-medial collateral

-posterior

-anterior

-lateral collateral


Muscles-

-vastus lateralis

-vastus medialis

-vastus intermedius

-rectus femoris

-biceps femoris

-semimembranosus

-semintendinosus


Tendons-

-quadriceps

-patellar

Conditions

Abnormal Conditions Injury to the collateral ligaments is the most common pathology affecting the knee joint. It is caused by a force being applied to the side of the knee when the foot is placed on the ground
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Knee Joint - Part 1 - 3D Anatomy Tutorial