Essentials Of Shampooing


Understanding Shampoo

The shampoo provides a good opportunity to analyze the client's hair and scalp. Always check for these conditions :

  • Dry, dehydrated hair
  • Thinning of the hair
  • Excessive hair left in the sink trap after shampooing
  • Dry, tight scalp
  • Oily scalp
  • Abnormal flaking on the scalp
  • Open wounds or scalp irritations
  • Scalp disorders or diseases
  • Tick or lice infestation
A pH-balanced shampoo - Is balanced to the pH of skin and hair (4.5 to 5.5).

Conditioning shampoo - also known as "moisturizing shampoo" , is designed to make the hair appear smooth and shiny and to improve the manageability of the hair.

Medicated shampoo - contains special ingredients that are very effective in reducing dandruff or relieving other scalp conditions.

Clarifying shampoo - contains an active chelating agent that binds to metals (such as iron and copper) and removes them from the hair, as well as an equalizing agent that enriches hair, helps retain moisture, and makes hair more manageable.

Balancing shampoo - is for oily hair and scalp. It will wash away excess oiliness, while preventing the hair from drying out.

Dry shampoo - also know as powder shampoo which cleanses the hair without the use of soap and water.

Color-enhancing shampoo - is created by combining the surfactant base with basic color pigment. They are used to brighten, to add a slight hint of color, and to eliminate unwanted color tones, such as gold or brassiness and overly cool strands.

-MILADY TEXTBOOK PG. 311, 316, 317, & 318

Shampoos , & What They Good & Bad For

In salons where shampoos are performed by salon assistants, these assistants should always alert the stylist about any hair or slap conditions, including suspected diseases or disorders. A client with an infectious disease in never to be treated in the salon and should be referred to a physician.

Naturally, the primary purpose of a shampoo is to cleanse the hair and scalp prior to a service. This is also the time when you need to educate your client about the importance of home care and using quality hair care products at home.

To be effective, a shampoo must remove all dirt, oils, cosmetics, and skin debris without adversely affecting either the scalp or hair, The scalp and hair need to be cleansed regularly to combat the accumulation of oils and perspiration that mix with the natural scales and dirt to create a breeding ground for disease-producing bacteria. Excessive shampooing strips the hair of its protective oil (sebum) that, in small amounts, seals and protects the hair's cuticle. As a general rule, oily hair needs to be shampooed more often than normal or dry hair.