WHY is it important?
What is the Constitution?
The Constitution of the United States is the plan for how the government works.
It is the highest law in the United States and is more important than any city or state law.
It also protects your rights and freedoms.
It's kind of like a "how-to" book, showing us ways to have happiness, safety, and comfort.
The colonists in America were tired of being ruled by King George and England. They fought many battles so that they could be a new country. This was called the Revolutionary War.
On July 4th, 1776 Americans declared independence from Great Britain. George Washington was their leader.
New Country = New Government
The 13 colonies (states) were now a new country. They needed a new set of rules and a better form of government.
James Madison kept very detailed notes in his journal during the convention. Therefore he is known as the "Father of the Constitution". He later became the 4th president of the United States.
Benjamin Franklin was at the meetings as well. At 81 years old, he was the oldest delegate and was often carried to the meetings in his chair.
FINALLY after three months...
They had decided how the government should be run. Now they needed a document that spelled it all out.
Ten Constitution Facts
- The Constitution is a set of rules that Americans live by.
- It is the highest law of the land.
- The Constitution was created so that all people would be treated fairly.
- The Constitution creates the office of the president, the Congress, and the courts.
- The Constitution was written in 1787 (more than two hundred years ago).
- Rights are things all people have just because they are alive.
- The Bill of Rights are the first ten amendments (changes) to the Constitution.
- The Congress makes the laws, and the people elect the members of Congress.
- The President enforces the laws.
- The courts decide what the law means when there are questions about it.