Battle of Saratoga

Turning Point of the American Revolution

Background

It all took place on September 19, 1777 in the state which is now called New York. It was a war that was going to take place with the British and Germans fighting against the Americans. Saratoga was two shorthand battles. The goal was the British wanted to take over New York and to isolate the New Englanders from the southern colonies. The British and German troops were led by General John Burgoyne. The Americans were led by Horatio Gates and Benedict Arnold. John Burgoyne split his army up into three different littler armies. The plan was General John Burgoyne to come from Montreal, Canada and have his other two armies come from the east from the Mohawk River Valley and the other coming north to New York City

The Battle Begins

General John Burgoyne thought he was riding high going to New York, but apparently 2/3 of the army had a different idea. While General John Burgoyne was going to New York, his other army that was led by General Howe decided to go to Philadelphia and try to draw Washington's troops into battle down in Philadelphia. The third Colonel was Barry St. Leger who was to come from Lake Ontario and invade from the East, but he was lost by the Hudson River and didn't make it to New York and General John Burgoyne was all alone with his troops.

The End of The Battle of Saratoga

Since 2/3 of John Burgoyne's army didn't show up to fight the Colonists they were in bad shape. The Colonists were led by Horatio Gates and Benedict Arnold and surprised John Burgoyne and his army. When John Burgoyne found out that it was just him and his men they were forced to retreat because they were short on supplies and were losing lots of men. Once this happened the Colonists took advantage and beat the British and this was a major victory. Most experts say it was a turning point in The American Revolution and I agree with them.

Citations

  • "Battle of Saratoga." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.
  • United States. National Park Service. "History & Culture." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 17 Sept. 2014. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.
  • "Battle Of Saratoga - Sept & Oct 1777." The Battle of Saratoga. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.