WWII Project

By William Pegg

Bataan Death March

Dates: April 9, 1942- April 26, 1942


Description: both American and Filpino POW were marched to prison camps over a trek of approximately 65 miles


Results: about 10,000 men died along the way from both starvation and disease, those that survived were to survive many more months of harsh treatment in confinement camps


People: Lieutenant General Homma Masaharu (Japan)

General Douglas MacArthur (United States)

D-Day

Dates: June 6, 1944


Description: thousands of American, British, and Canadian soldiers stormed the beaches of Normany in order to establish a beach head and allow for alli forces to begin invasion


Results: thousands were slaughtered on this day and the sea ran red with the blood of soldiers , but we were able to establish a front and begin the end of the war in Europe


People: General Dwight D. Eisenhower (United States)

Erwin Rommel (Germany)

Midway

Dates: June 4, 1942- June 7, 1942


Description: a very decisive battle of the war that was made possible through the code breaking achieved by the United States, fought on the sea with the help of both aircraft and aircraft carriers


Results: the United States permanently damaged the Japanese navy and allowed for themselves to take an offensive position in the Pacific basically beginning to turn the tide of the war


People: Admiral Chester W. Nimitz (United States)

Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku (Japan)

Pearl Harbor

Dates: December 7, 1941


Description: Japenese fighter pilots launched a surprise attack on the United States naval base in Pearl Harbor while many men were still asleep in thier bunks


Results: many men were killed and some of the ships were deemed unfit for service or sunk into the harbor, and not long afterwards the United States declared war on Japan


People: Admiral Chuichi Nagumo (Japan)

Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku (Japan)

President Franklin D. Roosevelt (United States)

Battle of the Bulge

Dates: December 16, 1944- January 25, 1945


Description: Germany launched a surprise attack or blitzkrieg on Allied forces hoping to split them in half and cause them to be able to advance the front away from Germany


Results: Allied forces were able to hold their own and keep the Germans from advancing, but would suffer very heavy casualties due to the fact that they were greatly outnumbered, however their sacrifice was crucial to the war effort


People: George S. Patton (United States)

Josef Dietrich (Germany)

Dwight D. Eisenhower (United States)

Gees von Rundstedt (Germany)

Battle of Coral Sea

Dates: May 4, 1942- May 8, 1942


Description: the first air-sea attack in history, Japenese forces landed and were bombed by Allied forces in a skirmish that would cause casualties to both sides


Results: the Allied forces would win and destroy many of the Japenese planes, without enough planes the Japanese couldn't take over the Coral Sea making this an important strategic victory


People: Thomas C. Kinkaid (United States)

Douglas MacArthur (United States)

Italian Campaign

Dates: July 10, 1943- May 2, 1945


Description: a series of Allied beach landings and land battles throughout Italy as the Allied forces began to push towards the German front


Results: the Allied forces would free Italy from fascist forces and begin the end of the war as they pushed towards Germany with increasing pace, and they also severed one of the three axis powers


People: Dwight D. Eisenhower (United States)

Benito Mussolini (Italy)

Rodolfo Graziani (Italy)

Harold Alexander (Great Britain)

North African Front

Dates: June 10, 1940- May 16,1943


Description: an operation to release Northern Africa from Axis power rule and begin to push them back into Europe


Results: both sides would suffer major casualties from a variety of factors, but eventually the Allied powers would drive the Axis out of North Africa and back into Europe, this signified the Axis beginning to lose power and gave us some of our first major victories against Germany/Italy


People: Erwin Rommel (Germany)

Dwight D. Eisenhower (United States)

Claude Auchinleck (Germany)

Rodolfo Graziani (Italy)

Stalingrad

Dates: August 23, 1942- February 2, 1943


Description: successful defense of Stalingrad by Russian forces against Germany, marked the turning point of the war in favor of the Allies


Results: after many casualties on both sides, Russia would beat back Germany and the war would begin to go in favor of the allies


People:Rodion Yakovlevich Malinovsky (Russia)

Hermann "Papa" Hoth (Germany)

Adolf Hitler (Germany)

Joseph Stalin (Russia)

Navajo Code Talkers

Basically, this was a group of Navajo marines that would use their native language to communicate secretly during war time. By doing so, they were able to relay important tactical information without the enemy being able to decipher any of it and this gave the Untied States the upper hand throughout the war in the Pacific.
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Rationing during the war

In order to supply the troops with adequate supplies on the front, many American families were encouraged to ration various items in order to keep the war effort going and to keep troops happy and healthy. In general, during this time period, family life tended to consist of a constant revolution around the war overseas. This could be seen through a lack of men and fathers throughout the country, women seen in increasing volume within factories, and children simulating war through the games they played. For instance, when people went to the store, they were encouraged to buy the minimal amount of food needed ever if they could afford more for themselves, those that didn't do so were seen as unpatriotic and would be scorned by the community for such an action. Also, the women that worked in factories were represented by a cultural icon known as the Rosies which encouraged the women to support the war effort and encouraged others to do the same.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

He led the United States through one of the most trying periods of our history, and his strong leadership would help us through the devastating attack that was Pearl Harbor and be victors at the end in Germany. Before World War II, he came up with the New Deal, which would help America begin to recover from the Great Depression and relieve some of the tension forming within the country.
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General Douglas MacArthur

Although his leadership would cost us greatly in the beginning, he would eventually prevail and lead us to victory in the Pacific through his strategic way of thinking. After the war, he oversaw the removal of military force in Japan, the restoration of the economy, and various other reforms within the country.
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Adolf Hitler

He was able to convince to the people to adopt his fascist way of thinking in order to bring glory back to Germany and to make it stronger. By going to war, he convinced the people, that it would not only help the dwindling economy, but give them revenge on the countries that had treated then unfairly in the Treaty of Versailles. His ideologies would change how the war ran and how it would end. Basically, he was the sole cause of the war and afterwards his way of thinking left Germany in shambles rather than basking in glory.
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Joseph Stalin

The Communist leader of Russia at the time, his efforts durning the war would turn the tide in the favor of the allies as he was able to push back German forces from invading Russia. If he had not done so, Germay may have kept pushing further and eventually combined both Japanese and German forces making them even stronger. After the war however, he greatly oppressed the people of Russia in order to pay for the war, and many died in a period of starvation and disease.
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Dropping the bomb

When the hydrogen bombs were first dropped on both Nagosaki and Hiroshima, the short term effect was that Japan would surrender now that they saw the true power that the United States possessed. However, the lasting effects included people in those areas developing cancer and genetic problems that will most likely follow them the rest of their lives. Essentially, we not only crippled the area at that moment, but for many years to come.
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