Greek Mythology

By: Ashley, Payton, Patience, Sophie

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History of Greek mythology

  1. In Greek mythology there is no single original text like the Christian Bible that introduces all of the myths’ characters or to live by. The earliest Greek myths were an oral tradition that started in the Bronze Age. The first written cosmogony was made around 700BC. They had, and still have gods for almost every element. They were known as the first Western civilization. Greeks were polytheistic in their religious beliefs. The most powerful and most known greek gods were the Olympians.

Greek Archaic period

800-479 BCE

The Greek Archaic time period ended with persians being ejected from greece for good after the war of plateas and Mykale in 479 BCE.


*BCE: before common era

Who believed in Greek mythology?

The greeks

Creation

"In the beginning there was only Chaos. Then out of the void appeared Erebus, the unknowable place where death dwells, and Night. All else was empty, silent, endless, dark. Then, Love was born bringing along the beginning of order. From Love emerged Light, followed by Gaea, the earth. Erebus slept with Night, eventually giving birth to Ether, the heavenly light, and to Day, the earthly light. Then, Night alone created Doom, Fate, Death, Sleep, Dreams, Nemesis, and all things that dwell in the darkness haunting mankind."

Gods and Goddesses

• Zeus: the king of the Olympians

• Hera: the queen of the Olympians

• Hermes: the messenger of the Olympians

• Aphrodite: the goddess of love and beauty

• Ares: the god of war

• Demeter: the goddess of agriculture

• Hephaestus: the god of fire and metal-working

• Poseidon: the god of the sea

• Athena: the goddess of wisdom

• Artemis: the goddess of the hunt

• Apollo: the god of the sun and music

• Hestia: goddess of the home and hearth

• Hades: lord of the underworld and ruler of the dead