Opposition and it's Consequences

Charlie, Zyan

Before

-During WW1 the government was much more evident and assumed more power

-They regulated industrial and agriculture production and worked to shape public opinion

-This war changed Americans' relationship with the government

Opposition and it's Consequences

-Cpi’s work was important because not all Americans understood the war or agreed on the war cause.

-Some German and Irish Americans opposed the allies


· -Because of patriotism or “Patriotic fever” they discriminated against Irish and German Americans.

· -Other Americans were pacifists, they opposed war at all costs

· -To suppress the different opinions the government acted in ways that sometimes trespassed individual liberties

· -The draft created controversy

· -People believed that it was the government trying to invade their private lives

· -Some men decided not to cooperate and In return were usually imprisoned

· -As many as 12% of men didn’t respond to the draft notice

· -Some just didn’t respond to the notice

· -Conscientious objectors couldn’t go to war because of their belief or religion

· -This was widely ignored and the people were treated badly and sometimes humiliated

· -The government eventually improved treatment of conscientious objectors

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Women's role

· -Some American women who opposed the war teamed with woman pacifists from other countries to form Woman’s Peace Party.

· -Woman’s International League for Peace and Freedom

· -Jeannette Rankin was the first woman to serve in the U.S House of Representatives and she voted against war

· - Women continued to oppose war, but most supported American war efforts such as NAWSA

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Limiting Rights

· - CPI continued to cause controversy because of how it was troubling the freedoms that Americans held dear to them

· -1917, Congress passed Espionage Act allowing postal authorities to ban treasonable paper material such as newspapers and magazines.

· -Anyone aiding the enemy in anyway would be penalized with a large fine and up to 20 years of imprisonment

· -1918, congress passed the Sedition act which limited free speech even more.

· -You couldn’t use language that was against the United States

· -They used this to prosecute radicals and pacifists

· -Eugene V. Debs, the leader of the Socialist party in America was imprisoned for giving a mildly anti-war speech

-The Supreme court eventually upheld it and gave Americans like Debs free speech again
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German Americans

· -German Americans were treated harshly, they were considered the main enemies of the allies

-Americans generalized that al Germans were cruel

-Americans stopped teaching Germans in public schools

· -Americans discontinued the play of Beethoven and Brahms

· -German people gave up their language and culture to show loyalty

· -Americans harassed, beat, and even killed German Americans if they even had an accent

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Moving On

-The war brought new social changes, changed economic and political lives of many Americans

-New opportunities emerged for African Americans and women