African History

By: Dat Nguyen

Apartheid in South Africa

The white-controlled government of South Africa created laws to keep land and wealth for whites. The system was called Apartheid. It was designed to separate South African society into groups based on their race: Whites, Coloured, Blacks, and Asians. The impact if Apartheid had forced blacks to move to poor rural areas called homelands. They had limited rights and couldn't vote. They were put in poor schools, had to carry identification, and went to separate schools, restaurants, and hospitals were created for whites and blacks. After many years of protesting to end Apartheid from South Africa it was finally ended by FW De Klerk. In 1994, Nelson Mandela who had spent 28 years in prison for fighting Apartheid, he was freed and elected president of South Africa during the country's first multiracial election.

Colonization/ Slave Trade

1. Why did European nations first take an interest in Africa?

2. Which country started the Transatlantic Slave Trade?

3. What was the pattern of trade that occurred between Africa, America, and Europe called?

4. What was the trip from Africa to the New World (America) called during the Transatlantic Slave Trade?

5. What were the reasons for colonization?

6. Which countries were involved in the Triangular Trade?

7. What is colonialism?

8. What 2 countries were not colonized by European nations?

9. Define Imperialism.

10. What is the Berlin Conference and what was the effect of it?

Independence Movement

21st Century Issues in Africa

Independence of Africa had brought many freedoms but it had also brought a new era of hardships. There are many problems today facing African such as drought, famine, diseases, and many more. Africa is dealing with large portions of drought or periods with little or no rainfall that are causing a large amount of starvation (famine). The population of Africa grow faster rate than it can industrialize leaving its people starving. In addition, HIV/AIDS is one of the leading causes of death in Africa. It is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and has no cure. HIV/AIDS kill 6,300 people a day in Africa. Another disease that kills is malaria. The disease is a tropical disease spreading throughout the region carried by mosquitoes. Malaria kills over a one million people a year. All in all, there are many issues facing Africa starting with droughts to mass starvation and from diseases killing from over 6,000 a day to one million a year.

Quiz Answers

1. Why did European nations first take an interest in Africa?

A: Slavery

2. Which country started the Transatlantic Slave Trade?

A: Portugal

3. What was the pattern of trade that occurred between Africa, America, and Europe called?

A: Triangular Trade

4. What was the trip from Africa to the New World (America) called during the Transatlantic Slave Trade?

A: Middle Passage

5. What were the reasons for colonization?

A: Natural resources and raw materials, expand European trade routes, spread Christianity, and Imperialism- expand their empire/territory

6. Which countries were involved in the Triangular Trade?

A: Belgium, Britain, France, Germany, Spain, Portugal, and Italy

7. What is colonialism?

A: Forced control of one nation by another nation

8. What 2 countries were not colonized by European nations?

A: Liberia and Ethiopia

9. Define Imperialism.

A: The principle of taking over other countries’ government’s trade and culture.

10. What is the Berlin Conference and what is the effect of it?

A: The conference occurred in Berlin, Germany in 1884 to discuss how to divide Africa’s land and the result was that most (90%) of Africa was under European control.