States of Matter

Mackenzie Yeomans

Solids

Definition: is the state of matter in which materials have a definite shape and definite volume.


Important Details:

* higher density solids have a definite shape

* has molecules that are so tightly packed that they have limited movement and are incompressible and hold their volume and shape.

* do not diffuse well, but can still diffuse

liquids

Definition: is the state of matter in which a material has a definite volume but not a definite shape.

Important details:

* The molecules are more tightly packed but can still move and flow past each other.

* able to diffuse and mix with other liquids

* has surface tension

gases

Definition: is the state of matter in which a material has neither a definite shape nor a definite volume.

Important Details:

* no definite fixed shape or volume

* has a low density

* able to diffuse easily

plasmas

Definition: A highly ionized gas, usually at high temperatures, that conducts electricity and is affected by a magnetic field.

* sometimes called the fourth state of matter.

* most common form of matter in the universe

* a plasma is composed of equal numbers of positively charged ions and free electrons, which have a negative electrical charge.

Bose-Einstein Condensate

Definition: is a state of matter of a dilute gas of bosons cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero

Important Details:

* Negative atoms

* Low temperature

* Invented by Albert Einstein