First Aid and Safety Project

Poison, Shock, Heat/Cold illnesses, and Seizures/Infections.

By Alber Gillani and Isaac Chin

Poisoning

A poison is a substance that can be harmful to your body. You can swallow, inhale, inject or absorb it through your skin. Poisoning can lead to illnesses, brain damage, coma and death. There are many treatments to different kinds of poisoning. To much of anything can be dangerous to your body.


Symptoms:

-Abdominal Pain

-Bluish Lips

-Chest Pain

-Confusion

-Cough

-Diarrhea

-Difficulty Breathing

-Dizziness

-Double Vision

-Drowsy

-Fever

-Headache

-Loss of Appetite

-Loss of Bladder Control

-Muscle Twitching

-Nausea/Vomiting

-Seizures

-Numbness and Tingling

-Skin Rash

-Unconsciousness

-Breath Odor

-Weakness

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Procedures to Treat

-Try to identify the poison (inhaled or swallowed)

For Swallowing

-Call 1-800-222-1222 (USA)

-Clear airways if they vomit

-Roll person on the left side

-If the poison is on the person's clothes, take off the clothes and bathe person

Shock

Shock is a dangerous condition, and occurs when the body doesn't receive enough blood flow. 1 in 5 people will die from shock. Can be caused by: heart problems, low blood volume/amount, and changes in blood vessels.


Symptoms:

-Anxiety

-Blue lips

-Chest pain

-Dizziness

-Unconsciousness

-Rapid but weak pulse.

Procedures to Treat

-Call 911

-Check the person's airways; do cpr if needed

-Put patient in shock position

-Don't move the person

-Don't feed the person

-Don't wait for milder shock symptoms to occur

Heat and Cold Illnesses

You can receive heat exhaustion, heat stroke, muscle cramps, heat swelling and fainting from heat. Cold illnesses is frostnip, frostbite, trench foot, chilblains, Raynaud’s phenomenon, and cold induced hives.


Symptoms of Heat Illnesses:

-Sweating

-Feeling hot

-Trouble Breathing


Symptoms of Cold Illnesses:

-Minimal Breathing

-Poor to no reflexes

-Inability to move or respond to stimuli

-Low blood pressure

-Possibly coma

-Fall into a stupor

-Feel drowsy

-Be unable to walk

-Experience quick changes between rapid heart rate and breathing to slow heart rate and shallow breathing

-Have an increased urge to urinate

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Procedures to Treat

Procedures for Heat Illness:

-Take shirt off

-Drink Water

-Drink an electrolyte filled drink

-Call 911


Procedures for Cold Illness:

-Add multiple layers

-Enter a heated car/house

-Stay out of the snow

-Call 911

Burns

There are 3 different kinds of burns: first degree, second degree, third degree, and fourth degree burn.(Is based on how bad the damage is on the skin) Burns can be caused by: scalding from hot, boiling liquids, chemical burns, electrical burns, fires, including flames from matches, candles, and lighters, and excessive sun exposure.


Symptoms of a first degree:

-Redness

-Minor inflammation

-Pain

-Swelling

-Dry peeling skin


Syptoms of a second degree burn:

-Blistering

-Soreness

-Swelling

-All of the symptoms of a first degree burn


Symptoms of a third degree burn:

-Waxy white color

-Char

-Dark brown color

-Raised leathery texture

-Blisters that don't develop

-All the symptoms of a second and first degree burn


Symtoms of a fourth degree burn:

-Burnt skin, tendon and bone

-All the effects of all the degrees

Procedures to Treat

Procedures for 1st degree burn:

-Soaking the wound in cool water for 5 minutes or longer

-Taking pain reliever

-Applying aloe to the skin

-DON'T USE ICE, IT WILL SLOW DOWN THE HEALING PROCESS


Procedures to a 2nd degree burn:

-Running water under the tap for 15 minutes or longer

-Taking over the counter medicine

-Applying antibiotic cream to blisters


Procedures for a 3rd degree burn:

-Call 911 immediately

-Raise the injury above the heart

-Make sure no clothes stick to the shirt

How to treat a burn - How to treat burns at home
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