Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

by Mason Shu

What is Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder?

  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is a type of anxiety disorder where feelings of anxiety, fear, uncertainty, or worry are taken to the extremes.

What are the signs and symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder?

Some signs include:

  • Washing hands, bathing, and showering frequently
  • Cleaning things
  • Avoiding germy objects
  • Refusing to touch things, including shaking hands
  • Repeated counting, words, tasks, and arranging
  • Collecting items with no value
Some symptoms:
  • Obsessions - alarming thoughts of images that stay in one's mind, creates fear
  • Rituals/compulsions- tasks done to remove scary thoughts
  • Fear of germs, causing harm, humiliating themselves, hateful thoughts
  • Need for organization
  • Repeated doubt and skepticism

How does Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder affect someone?

  • Rituals can be very time-consuming
  • Some people stop going out of their home
  • Embarrassment causes people to hide their issues from parents and friends
  • Every day life is affected

What are the other names of form of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder?

  • Often abbreviated as OCD
  • Type of OCD depends on obsession and compulsion

How is Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder diagnosed?

  • From a doctor
  • From a psychologist, psychiatrist, or therapist

How is OCD treated?

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) - a type of talk therapy that offers exposure and ritual (or response) prevention
  • Exposure and ritual (or response) prevention - Helps people face their fears little by little without doing compulsions
  • Therapists teach alternative methods to worries and fears without rituals

Interesting fact

  • While people feel a short time of relief from completing a compulsion, these compulsions actually strengthen once's OCD and there is a higher risk for a compulsion to return