THEOLOGY II 1st SEMESTER EXAM
Learn About God
The Original State of Man
Original Sin and Its Consequences
The Word Became Flesh
God became man first of all to reconcile all people with himself by making expiation for sins. The Fall of Adam and Eve created a rift between God and human race. Sin is the most common thing that separates us from God. There is a need for a savior who possesses the nature of both God and man.
The Word Became Flesh to Manifest God's Love
God became man to show all people how much he loves them. God showed his love for man so people might serve him out of love and not fear. When Adam and Eve sinned, God did not give up on them but devised him plan of redemption.
The Word Became Flesh to Offer a Model of Holiness
God became incarnate to offer an example of holiness and show forth the dignity of the human person. One of the objectives of Christ's preaching was to instruct his followers how to live saintly lives.
The Word Became Flesh to Allow a Share in Divine Life
God became man to experience his own divine life. The Gospels call people to share in God's divine life through Jesus by the power of the Holy Spirit. Christ instituted the Seven Sacraments as the primary means of receiving his sanctifying grace. It is important to remember that a person cant become Christ like by their own doing but only through the transforming grace won by Christ's redemption.
The Paschal Mystery
The Theological Virtues
God infuses the virtue Faith into the soul at Baptism to assist in accepting the truths he has revealed through his Church. To have Faith means to accept truths guaranteed by the authority of God.
Hope enables a person to rely on God's grace and trust in his promises of salvation and everlasting life in Heaven. God calls every person to a life of holiness. The virtue of Hope is the confident expectation God will give the capacity to respond to his love so as to achieve a life of sanctity.
Charity allows a person to love God above all things. Every person should love God because he is our Creator, Father, and Savior. Love for God should reflect his love, people should love God because "he first loved us."
Prayer: How We Communicate with God
Meditative Prayer is used to gain a greater understanding of the life of Christ or a particular mystery of the Faith as well as to come to a deeper understanding of how this truth could be applied to life.
Contemplative prayer keeps a person in God's presence as he or she abides in his love.
The Four Marks of the Church
The first characteristic of the church- that the church is One- is of foundational importance for understanding the other three. We acknowledge the uniqueness and singularity of the Church. The Church founded by Christ is One and unique because of her origin.
She, being the church, receives from Christ her founder through the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. As with her unity, the Church' holiness comes solely from God. Christ sanctifies the Church and fills her with his grace so completely that she becomes sanctifying herself.
The term catholic comes from the Greek word katholikos, meaning universal or pertaining to the whole.The Church is Catholic because she is whole and complete. The Church is Catholic also because she has received universal authority from Christ to fulfill her universal mission.
Apostolic relates to Christ's selection of the Twelve Apostles as the foundation of his Church. The Church is called Apostolic because she is founded on the Apostles in a threefold sense: Apostolic Foundation, Apostolic Faith, and apostolic Succession.
The Last Things
At death, the soul leaves the body and is judged immediately by God. The soul will immediately go to Heaven, Hell, or Purgatory considering on their life spent of earth.
The Particular Judgement is an act by which God makes the soul see with clarity. God communicates this acts to the soul, which can't be disputed.
Heaven is the state of everlasting life in which we see God, become like him in glory, and enjoy eternal happiness. "All souls in Heaven are in the light of glory and have an immediate vision of God." They have either made up for their sins on earth or in Purgatory.
We can't love God if we sin against him, our neighbors, or our own selves. To die in moral sin, without repentance or seeking refuge in the compassion love of God, implies us to remain separated from God.