THEOLOGY II 1st SEMESTER EXAM

Learn About God

The Original State of Man

God created our first parents to share in his love and friendship. Before the fall of Adam and Eve, they were filled with joy and happiness with God. They received preternatural gifts such as: immunity from sickness, suffering, and death as well as freedom from disordered appetites and passions. Due to Original Sin all those items were lost.
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Original Sin and Its Consequences

Adam and Eve immediately lost their state of holiness and justice as well as their friendship with God. They were consequently expelled from the Garden of Eden. Adam and Eve not only harmed them selves but their descendants. The human intellect became damaged, the human mind and will were damaged.
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The Word Became Flesh

The Word Became Flesh for Expiation, Reconciliation, and Restoration

God became man first of all to reconcile all people with himself by making expiation for sins. The Fall of Adam and Eve created a rift between God and human race. Sin is the most common thing that separates us from God. There is a need for a savior who possesses the nature of both God and man.

The Word Became Flesh to Manifest God's Love

God became man to show all people how much he loves them. God showed his love for man so people might serve him out of love and not fear. When Adam and Eve sinned, God did not give up on them but devised him plan of redemption.

The Word Became Flesh to Offer a Model of Holiness

God became incarnate to offer an example of holiness and show forth the dignity of the human person. One of the objectives of Christ's preaching was to instruct his followers how to live saintly lives.

The Word Became Flesh to Allow a Share in Divine Life

God became man to experience his own divine life. The Gospels call people to share in God's divine life through Jesus by the power of the Holy Spirit. Christ instituted the Seven Sacraments as the primary means of receiving his sanctifying grace. It is important to remember that a person cant become Christ like by their own doing but only through the transforming grace won by Christ's redemption.

The Paschal Mystery

The Passion, death, and Resurrection are known as the Paschal Mystery. These events are leading up the Christ's mission. The events of Christ's Passion, Death, and Resurrection are a manifestation of God's infinite love that achieved redemption.
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The Theological Virtues

Faith

God infuses the virtue Faith into the soul at Baptism to assist in accepting the truths he has revealed through his Church. To have Faith means to accept truths guaranteed by the authority of God.

Hope

Hope enables a person to rely on God's grace and trust in his promises of salvation and everlasting life in Heaven. God calls every person to a life of holiness. The virtue of Hope is the confident expectation God will give the capacity to respond to his love so as to achieve a life of sanctity.

Charity

Charity allows a person to love God above all things. Every person should love God because he is our Creator, Father, and Savior. Love for God should reflect his love, people should love God because "he first loved us."

Prayer: How We Communicate with God

Vocal Prayer is prayer that uses words. This type of prayer can be said individually or with others. Established prayers or one's own words can be used.

Meditative Prayer is used to gain a greater understanding of the life of Christ or a particular mystery of the Faith as well as to come to a deeper understanding of how this truth could be applied to life.

Contemplative prayer keeps a person in God's presence as he or she abides in his love.

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The Four Marks of the Church

One

The first characteristic of the church- that the church is One- is of foundational importance for understanding the other three. We acknowledge the uniqueness and singularity of the Church. The Church founded by Christ is One and unique because of her origin.

Holy

She, being the church, receives from Christ her founder through the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. As with her unity, the Church' holiness comes solely from God. Christ sanctifies the Church and fills her with his grace so completely that she becomes sanctifying herself.

Catholic

The term catholic comes from the Greek word katholikos, meaning universal or pertaining to the whole.The Church is Catholic because she is whole and complete. The Church is Catholic also because she has received universal authority from Christ to fulfill her universal mission.

Apostolic

Apostolic relates to Christ's selection of the Twelve Apostles as the foundation of his Church. The Church is called Apostolic because she is founded on the Apostles in a threefold sense: Apostolic Foundation, Apostolic Faith, and apostolic Succession.

The Last Things

Death

At death, the soul leaves the body and is judged immediately by God. The soul will immediately go to Heaven, Hell, or Purgatory considering on their life spent of earth.

Judgement

The Particular Judgement is an act by which God makes the soul see with clarity. God communicates this acts to the soul, which can't be disputed.

Heaven

Heaven is the state of everlasting life in which we see God, become like him in glory, and enjoy eternal happiness. "All souls in Heaven are in the light of glory and have an immediate vision of God." They have either made up for their sins on earth or in Purgatory.

Hell

We can't love God if we sin against him, our neighbors, or our own selves. To die in moral sin, without repentance or seeking refuge in the compassion love of God, implies us to remain separated from God.

Parousia

The second coming o the Lord is known as Parousia, Greek word meaning "apparition" or "presence". At the Parousia Christ will appear in power and majesty as judge and establish his kingdom. At the second coming, God will tell the good to come to Heaven and the wicked "into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels."
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