Causes of the Amercian Revolution
The American Revolution was the revolution of the colonies on the east coast of America. British and English rule infuriated colonists with certain acts a decisions. The colonists had enough and started breaking away from Europe's rule. The American Revolution caused bonding between the colonies and colonists and a severe hate for Britain and England. The British taxed almost everything the colonists could have to pay for the French and Indian war. The colonists declared independence from England and I think that was an excellent choice.
The Navigation Acts
The Navigation Acts were a series of laws put into play in 1650 because of shipping purposes. Colonists could only ship materials and foods using English ships. The acts were supposed to protect British shipping from pirates and Dutch competitors. The Navigation Acts gave Britain monopoly over items like sugar and tobacco. In 1733, Parliament passed the Sugar Act, making colonists buy more expensive sugar from the British West Indies. All these events caused resentment against England in the colonies.
Proclamation of 1763
The Proclamation of 1763 was created of the French and Indian War ended. The American Indians that lived in and near the area of the Ohio River Valley wanted the British to leave, so Chief Pontiac led the Indians into war against the British. This was called Pontiac's Rebellion. Even though the British won, tensions were still high, so King George III made the Proclamation of 1763. The proclamation recognized the Indians right to the land and did not allow colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. This act from the King made the colonists very angry because they wanted to settle on that land where no British soldiers would be.
The Stamp Act
Parliament passed the Stamp Act in 1765 to further pay for the debt of the French and Indian War. The Stamp Act put a tax on anything printed, or made of paper. Colonists were forced to buy a stamp to put on their paper products. Samuel Adams started the Committees of Correspondence, groups of people who opposed the British and tried to avoid the taxes. They boycotted the paper, refusing to buy it as long as it was taxed. In the same year, people of nine colonies met in New York to talk about the British, and they called themselves the Stamp Act Congress. They declared that only the colonial governments should be able to tax the people. The Stamp Act Congress sent a letter to King George III to repeal the Stamp Act. Benjamin Franklin told the colonists to boycott the taxed paper goods so that they would repeal the act. Furious, King George III had no choice but to repeal the act, but created the Declaratory Act, which stated that Parliament had full control over the colonies governments.
After the ordeal and protests against the Stamp Act, Britain passed the Quartering Act. The Quartering Act allowed British soldiers to live and search any colonists house. The colonists had to feed, clean and house the soldiers. Colonists hated this, having to take care of the soldiers was very costly. The colonists didn't like having a standing army with blank search warrants.
In 1767, Parliament put the Townshend acts into affect. The Townshend Acts taxed tea, glass, and paper in all the colonies because of Britain's army costs. The colonists were again outraged and tried to get the British back. The Daughters of Liberty, a group of colonial women, boycotted all clothing or cloth, making their own cloths for themselves and other colonists. In 1770, the protests worked and Britain repealed the act, but the tax on tea stayed because Britain wanted to show the colonists they had the power to tax. The Sons of Liberty continued their violent protesting by attacking the homes of British officials and tax collectors.
On March 5, 1770, an angry crowd of colonists gathered around a British soldier, insulting and yelling at him. More soldiers came to help their fellow soldier out. The colonists continue to insult the soldiers and start throwing rocks and snowballs at them. The British soldiers interpreted this as a threat and fired shots into the crowd. In the end, 5 colonists were killed and several more injured. Samuel Adams was furious after hearing the event. He turned the Boston Massacre into a propaganda to bring together colonists in all the colonies against the British.
Tea Act and the Boston Tea Party
The Tea Act made the British East India Company the only company allowed to sell tea to the colonists. This gave Britain monopoly over the tea. Even thought the tea from the British East India Company cost less to buy, the colonists still had to pay import taxes to Britain, which made the colonists unhappy. On December 16, 1773, in response to the Tea Act, the Sons of Liberty disguised themselves as American Indians, boarded a British tea ship and dumped 342 crates of tea into the Boston Harbor. The event was later named the Boston Tea Party.
Coercive Act (Intolerable Acts)
The Coercive Act or as the colonists called them, the Intolerable Acts, were suggested to Parliament by the British government after the Boston Tea Party. The Intolerable Acts Stop all trade between Britain and Boston, did not allow town meetings of any kind, gave Britain complete control over the colony and strengthened the Quartering Act. The acts were so harsh that the colonists decided to name them the Intolerable Acts. Other colonies were furious and started helping Boston out. The other colonies started bringing supplies and help to Boston. The Intolerable Acts gave a revolutionary spirit throughout all the colonies.