The Fight Against Tyranny
Checks And Balances
Checks and balances is where each branch of government works together. Checks and balances ensures that not one of the branches, Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary, can make a final decison without the other branches approval.
This helps guard against tyranny, because there is no one branch more powerful than another.
Federalism guards against tyranny because it gives double security to the rights of the people. This allows each state to have some control over themselves, and in addition have a bigger leader. Each state has there own personal government to take care of the smaller problems going on, unlike the central government who takes care of providing an army and navy, declaring war, and conducting foreign relations.
Seperation of Powers
Separation of powers, similar to checks and balances, makes it so there are three branches of government. The executive branch, the judiciary branch and the legislative branch. This is so that there is not a dictator who makes all of the decisions. The branches work together to make something happen. Each branch gets it's own job, and there jobs check eachother, (checks and balances). Separation of powers prevents tyranny because no one branch is more powerful than the other, and they all rely on eachother.
Big States vs. Small states (The Great Compromise)
The Great Compromise was an agreement that small states like New Jersey and Rhode Island, and bigger states like North Carolina and Virginia, would all have their amount of representatives, that they would receive per state, based on the population the state had. The Great Compromise guards against tyranny because it ensures that the amount of representatives per state is proportionate to how much they need and not one state is ruling over others. This is because the more people in a state the more representatives that, that state will need. The rule was that there would be at least one representative per state, and for every 1 representative there would 30,000 people.