Life Cycle of a Cell Phone

By: Faith Evans

Raw Materials

A cell phone is made up of many materials. handsets generally consists of 40 percent metals, 40 percent plastics 20 percents ceramics and trace materials.

Most raw materials of a cell phone must be processed before being used by cell manufactures, the materials are crude oil is combined with natural gas and chemicals in a processing plant to make plastic components copper is mined, ground, heated and treated with chemicals and electricity to isolate the pure metal and used to make circuit boards, batteries, and wires.

Manufaturing

Plastics and fiberglass are used to make the basic shape of the circuit board, which is then coated with gold plating. the board is also compused of several elecronic componets, connected with circuits and wires that are soldered to the board an secured with protective glues and coatings.

Transport

Cell phones and cell parts need packaging and transportation to get from one place to another. Commercial transportation requires the use of fossil fuels that contribute to climate change.

Manufacactures of Cell Phones

Apple Htc Samsung Nokia Motorala Lg and also other ones these are just the popular ones.

Environment problems

Many components of mobile phones are considered toxic like arsenic, lithium, cadmium, copper, lead, mercury and zinc. These poisonous substances may leach from decomposing waste in landfills, seep into groundwater and contaminate the soil. Metals build up in the soil, can then enter the food chain

End of Life

The average American cell phone user owns 2 or more cell phones. • The average wireless user upgrades their cell phone every 18 months. • It is estimated that more than 140 million cell phones are retired each year and over 500 million cell phones are currently stockpiled in US homes. • It is estimated that up to 75 percent of obsolete cell phones are stockpiled in drawers by people who don’t know what else to do with them.

End of life//Part2

Americans replace their cellphones every 22 months, junking some 150 million old phones in 2010 alone estimated total weight of cellphones thrown away in the United States from 2006 through 2010. It was about 85,000 tons.

Donate//recycle

Donating or recycling cell phones when you no longer need or want them to extends their useful lives, and prevents them from ending up in the trash where they can potentially cause environmental problems

Facts

The cell phones retired each year… •if laid end to end would feed school lunch to the 12 million American children for 43 days. • weigh more than 174 space shuttles. Would buy every man woman and child in the United States two double cheeseburgers and a medium coke at McDonald' and $1 change.

Bibliography

Acaroglu, Leyla. "Where Do Old Cellphones Go to Die?" The New York Times. The New York Times, 04 May 2013. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.

"All Phone Manufacturers." Phone Arena. Web. 14 Nov. 2014.

"Health and Environmental Problems with Mobile Phones." Health and Environmental Problems with Mobile Phones. Web. 13 Nov. 2014.

Ospencer. Life Cycle of a Cell Phone. Web.

Sheet, Cellphone Recycling Fact, and Background. Why Recycle Cell Phones? Cellphonebank.org. Web.