Civil right movements
organizations, including the Fellowship of Reconciliation FOR the Southern Christian Leadership Conference SCLC, Congress of Racial Equality CORE, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACP and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee SNCC, as well as religious denominations, trade unions, and others.
The movement’s overall strategy combined litigation, the use of mass media, boycotts, demonstrations, as well as sit-ins and other forms of civil disobedience to turn public support against institutionalized racism and secure substantive reform in US law. Thousands were arrested in nonviolent protests as images of the confrontations inspired widespread public support for the movement’s objectives.
The US Civil Rights Movement grew out of four hundred years of violent and nonviolent conflict, rooted in the kidnapping and enslavement of Africans to work primarily in the plantation economy of the US South