By Esther Sim, Pranav Tetali

What is it?

  • a virus that gradually attacks the immune system
  • after being infected with HIV, the person's body will find it harder to fight off other infections and diseases
  • the virus destroys a type of white blood cells (T-Helper Cells) and makes copies of itself inside of them
  • if not treated immediately, it can develop into AIDS in 10-15 years

How to Treat it

  • no cure exists
  • taking anti-retroviral regimens can slow down disease's progress as well as prevent secondary infections and complications

How to Prevent it

  • abstinence
  • limiting number of sexual partners
  • never sharing needles
  • using condoms every time you have sex
Big image

Future Complications

  • most complications result from having a weak immune system
  • passing virus onto child during birth
  • TB, Cytomegalovirus and other infections
  • Lymphomas and Kaposi's sarcoma
  • Wasting syndrome
  • Neurological complications
  • Kidney disease

Facts about HIV

  • about 35 million people have HIVs
  • over 1.1 million people in the US have HIV
  • 1 in 6 people live with HIVs without knowing it
  • over 30 million people died since 1981
  • 1.7 million people died in 2011 with HIV
  • every 9.5 minutes a person is diagnosed with HIV in the US
  • approximately 74% of males have HIVs while 29% females have HIVs
The Science of HIV/AIDS