Wanted: African Sleeping Sickness
By: Jake Mayes
African Sleeping Sickness
Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense and Trypanosomoa brucei gambiense are the 2 forms taken by this disease. The more serious form of the African Sleeping Sickness is caused by T. b. rhodesiense. The infected fly will get on you and bite you releasing these toxins in your body. It will cause a sleeping disorder and then most the time you will be sent into a coma, which ultimately leads to death. This disease is not found in the United States, but some people who have lived in or have gone to Africa may have experienced this illness.
Attacking the cells
The 2 germs attack the cells to cause the disease.
The Red zone are the most common places this disease is found.
Not even a fight
Only about 10% of people who contract this disease is actually treated!
The infected fly swarms around Africa sending their toxins into anyone they can bite on. This bug does not attack a specific people it just bites whatever UN-lucky person it may find while flying around. If there was one type of people attacked by this bug it would be the people of Africa, just because this is where the bug is and reproduces.
The Most Comom Injury
These are all very common attacks this disease may cause. Notice his signature though the one that says "Sleepiness (may be uncontrollable)" This is where This Disease gets its name, and for the fact it is typically found in Africa
- Drowsiness during the day
- Insomnia at night
- Mood changes
- Sleepiness (may be uncontrollable)
- Swollen lymph nodes all over the body
- Swollen, red, painful nodule at site of fly bite
This Disease is Armed and Dangerous
The African Sleeping Sickness kills 300,000 people every year! Out of that about 400,000 people are infected with it per year! The reason this disease is so hard to fight is because the disease changes forms so often that our anti bodies cant catch it and there for is never destroyed.
Run if Possible
There is no complete cure for this illness. Pentamidine is a recommended drug for first stage of this disease, but even after you are "cured" you need to have your spinal fluid checked for 2 years to try to predict any possible relapses. Even if this is attended the treatment has been known to kill people in the process.
5 more things you should know
- Its also know as African Trypanosomiasis
- Its is only contracted through the bite of the fly (it is not contagious)
- The parasite has 2 host life cycles
- In West Africa this disease is exclusively humans but in the East there are animal versions of this parasite
- There were serious out breaks of this for 50 years, but stopped because of an apparent immunity built up by a couple generations. Now that this generation is losing there immunity to it these epidemics are returning again.