Red Blood Cells, White Blood cells, Plasma, Platelets
Red Blood Cells
- there is about 45% of the blood.
- the red blood cell has a con-caved center to have more surface area. a mature red blood cell has no nucleolus
- exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide between the blood and the body's cells, transport oxygen to other cells in the body.
- red blood cells are caved in on both sides so that each one has a thin center and thick edges.
- Erythrocyte- a blood cell of vertebrates that transports oxygen and carbon dioxide
- Hemoglobin- pigment of red blood cells that gives them their red color
- Oxyhemoglobin- the mixture of hemoglobin and oxygen
- Carbaminohemoglobin- a mixture between hemoglobin and carbon dioxide
- It makes up 55% of the bloods total volume.
- Plasma is a pale yellow color, it is made of mostly water about 95% of it
- helps maintain healthy blood pressure, blood clotting, and immunity.4
- Plasma is a clear pale yellow color
- Plasma Protein- Proteins that transport lipids, hormones, and vitamins into the circulatory system
- Serum- the part of blood that is like water and that contain antibodies that fight disease.
- Albumins- The main protein in human blood and the key to regulating the osmotic pressure of blood
- Globulins- family of globular proteins
- Fibrinogen- a soluble protein in blood plasma.
- prothrombin- a plasma protein produced in the liver when vitamin k is around
White Blood Cells
- There are 7000 white blood cells within a micro liter of blood, also less then 1% makes up the blood.
- white blood cells are a pink-orange color.
- white blood cells play a important role in the immune system, they protect from illnesses and diseases.
- White blood cells look like white textured balls.
- leukocytes- a colorless cell that circulates in the blood that protects from diseases.
- neutrophils- white blood cells with little granules that consume harmful bacteria and fungi
- eosinophils- a type of white blood cell that contain uniformly-sized, coarse round granules.
- basophils- part of your immune system that normally protects your body from infection
- lymphocytes- are small white blood cells that play an role in the body's immune system, it protects from germs.
- Monocytes- a large phagocytic white blood cell with a simple oval nucleus
- Macrophages- A type of white blood cell that ingests foreign material
- The normal platelet count is 150,000-350,000 per microliter of blood, also makes up less then 1% of the blood.
- Platelets are small disc shaped clear cell fragments
- the function of platelets are is to prevent bleeding
- they look like a red or orange tire.
- thrombocytes- A platelet important to normal blood clotting
- prothrombin activator- converts prothrombin to thrombin
- Thrombin- an enzyme in the blood plasma that causes clotting of blood by converting fibrinogen to fibrin.
- Fibrinogen- A protein in the blood plasma that is important for blood clotting and is converted into fibrin.
- Fibrin- An elastic, insoluble, whitish protein made by the action of thrombin on fibrinogen
- Coagulation- the clotting of blood
- Thrombus- a solid mass of platelets
- Thormbosis- the formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel
- Embolus- is a blood clot that has formed inside a blood vessel or the heart
- Embolism- is when one or more arteries in your lungs become blocked