Meningitis

By: Elliot Schmidt

What is Meningitis

Meningitis is a disease that causes inflammation of the meninges.

Infectious meningitis belongs to a group of diseases known as septic viruses.

This disease can sometimes be fatal if left untreated.

How frequently does this disease occur

Meningitis usually contracted by kids under five years of age, but can be caught by anyone unless you are immune to it. This disease can be found all over the world and has a very small death rate. It can occur anytime and there are less than 17500 yearly cases in the U.S. out of that only about 700 die.
Big image

Causes of Meningitis

Meningitis is a disease that is usually caused by bacteria and viruses, but has a variety of other causes as well. For this presentation we will be focusing on bacterial meningitis. Meningitis is an airborne disease that is carried by moisture droplets in the air. This disease is very contagious and can be very dangerous if left untreated.

Symptoms of Meningitis

Meningitis is a very dangerous disease that has many symptoms for many age groups.

Older Children and adults: Severe headache, stiffness of the neck/upper back, mental confusion, fever, vomiting, skin rash, and the convulsions that cause unconsciousness

Young Children: Fever, vomiting, restlessness, and decreased levels of energy

Infants: Fever, Diarrhea, difficult breathing, uncontrollable convulsions, yellowing skin, and yellowing of the skin

Symptoms can get worse with time, which is why it should be treated as fast as possible.

Meningitis has an incubation period of anywhere from 2-10 days.

Meningitis Treatments

Meningitis sometimes just goes away on its own (if it is acute viral), but in some cases you may need treatment. Some treatments used are antibiotics, prescription medications, and bed rest there are many other treatments but these are the most used. In some cases, if it is not treated it can be deadly. Prompt treatment and early detection of the disease are crucial.

Meningitis prevention

Methods of prevention for meningitis are usually vaccines for the bacterial form, other than that you usually just try to avoid people with meningitis. Vaccines are the most common method because they are the only way to completely immunize yourself from it. Vaccines are still only temporary and need to be redone in a few years.

Bibliography

"Meningitis." Diseases. Ed. Bryan H. Bunch and Jenny E. Tesar. Danbury, CT: Grolier, 2006. 95-96. Print.


"Meningitis." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2016. Web. 25 Jan. 2016. <http://school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/312466>.


"Meningitis." Helen Colby, MS and Tish Davidson, A.M. The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Ed. Jacqueline L. Longe. 5th ed. Detroit: Gale, 2015. 9 vols.


"Meningitis." Funk & Wagnalls New World


Encyclopedia (2015): 1p. 1. Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia. Web. 26 Jan. 2016.