Introduction to Graphic Novels

Terms & Concepts

Layout

Panel: a distinct segment of the comic


Frame: the lines and borders around the panels


Gutter: space between framed panels


Bleed: image extends beyond edge of the page


Foreground: panel closest to viewer
(Figure here is most important)


Midground: centers the image- natural resting place for vision (figure here is important)


Background: additional information for the reader (figure here is important to the backstory)


Graphic Weight: the way images draw the eye

Figures

Faces: can be drawn to depict an actual person or represent an idea or group of people


Hands & Feet: position of these can be used to express what is going on in the story


Image Credit: Satrapi, Marjane. Persepolis. New York, NY: Pantheon, 2003. Print.

Text

Captions: contain a variety of text elements


Speech Balloons: enclose dialogue and come from a specific speaker's mouth


Special- Effects Lettering: draws attention to the text