1960s

Steffanie Leis

Presidents and World Leaders

  • John F. Kennedy (1961-1963)- Opposed the spread of communism and tried to overthrow the Cuban Government.
  • Nikita Khrushchev (1953-1964)- Soviet Minister that challenged the U.S. and said the Russia was superior to the U.S.
  • Richard Nixon (1969-1974)- Promised to the end the Vietnam war.
  • Ho Chi Minh, leader of Vietnam though most of the war.
  • Lyndon B Johnson- Opposed North Korea.


Vietnam

Vietnam started in 1959 and ended April 30, 1975. The U.S fought North Korea to stop the Spread of Communism. The U.S suffered 367,864 casualties. In total 1.475 Million people were killed.


Key Laws Passed

  • Civil Rights Act 1964- PRohibits the discrimination of others based on race, color, religion, sex, and national origin.
  • 24th Amendment- helped stop discrimination in federal elections.
  • 25th Amendment- handled possible succession issues in case of the death of the president and other key leaders.
  • Tonkin Gulf Resolution 1964- gave the president power so that he could send troops quickly to Vietnam without approval from congress.


Supreme Court Decisions

  • Mapp vs. Ohio 367 US 643 (1961)- Dolley Mapps house was searched without proof of warrant. They found illegal items in his house so he was tried and jailed.
  • Terry vs Ohio 392 US 1 (1968)- Police stopped two men on the street. Believing they had weapons they frisked the men and discovered they had firearms.


Space and Technological Changes

In the 1960s there was a space race between the US and Soviet Union. The US was the first to put a satellite in space. On April 12th, 1961 the Soviets send Yuri Gagarin to space. A month later the US send Alan Shepard. In July 20th 1969 US Astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin go to the moon.


Cost of Living

  • The average income of the 60s was $5,199.
  • The minimum wage was $1.25.
  • Houses on average cost about $12,700.


Entertainment

Music artists at this time were:

  • Elvis Presley
  • The Beatles
  • Dean Martin
  • Sonny and Cher
  • The Rolling Stones
  • Frank Sinatra
The biggest influence was The Beatles.


Sports and Athletes

Top 5 Athletes:


  • Muhammad Ali- Boxer
  • Willie Mays- MLB
  • Wilt Chamberlain-NBA
  • Jim Brown-NFL
  • Bobby Hull-NHL
Top Teams:

  • Boston Celtics
  • New York Yankees
  • USC Football
  • UCLA Basketball
  • Green Bay Packers
Top Sporting Events:

  • 1960 Summer Olympics
  • 1960 World Series game 7
  • 1964 Summer Olympics
  • 1967 First Super Bowl
  • 1968 Second Super Bowl

Lifestyle

The 1960s were considered the "age of the youth" because the baby boomers were becoming teenagers. Men had crew cut hair styles. Women had Bouffant style haircuts. Men also wear brighter clothes. Women wear mini skirts and go-go boots. Teen life was social unrest, innocents lost, freedom and scandal.


Famous People

  • John McCain: Volunteered for combat in Vietnam and spent five and a half years in captivity. He earned a Silver Star, Bronze Star, Purple Heart, and a Distinguished Flying Cross.
  • Oliver Stone: He Enlisted in the U.S. Army, and was awarded Bronze Star and 2 Purple Hearts.
  • Collin Powell: First African American Secretary of State.