Emperor Penguin

Aptenodytes forsteri


Nature has provided the Emperor Penguin with excellent insulation in the form of several layers of scale-like feathers and it takes very strong winds (over 60 knots) to get them ruffled. They have a very small bill and flippers, which conserve heat. Emperor Penguins have large reserves of energy-giving body fat and a low level of activity during winter. They are the only species of penguin that is not territorial.


Emperor penguins are the only animals that breed during the Antarctic winter.

Diet and feeding

Emperor penguins are exquisite divers! While they mostly forage at depths from 150 to 250 metres, the deepest dive recorded was to 565 metres. On average dives last 3–6 minutes but the longest dive on record was 22 minutes.

Emperor penguins are near the top of the Southern Ocean’s food chain.

They also eat other fish, Antarctic krill and some species of squid Most prey items are small.


The Emperor penguins habitat is limited to the Antarctic and the surrounding sea.

Emperor penguins can rarely be found anywhere else in the world. (unless they have been transported by scientist or anyone that explored Antarctica).


Several different animals are considered Emperor penguins predators, including the Leopard seal, the Southern Giant petrel, the Skua, the Orca and several types of sharks.
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