'VOCABULARY MENU Unit 2"

Lucia Borro

America Industrial Revolution

American idustry expanded and millions of peope left their farms to work in factories.

Laissez Faire

An economic system in which transactions between private parties are free from government interference.

Trust

One party is willing to rely on the actions of another party.

Ellis Island

The processing center on the East Coast for immigrants arriving in the US.

Robber Baron

The people who exploited the labors to get a lot of money.

Vertical Integration

The combination in one company of two or more stages of production normally operated by separate companies.

Horizontal Integration

The merger of companies at the same stage of production in the same or different industries.

Political Machine

They providing services to immigrants and let immigrants to vote for them.

Tenements

A kind of cheap apartment which is dark and crowed.

Ethnic Enclaves

The immigrants from a same country live in the same area

Gilded Age


Mark Twain used to describe American Industrial Revolution.

Nativism

The group which want to limit the immigrants

SOCIAL Darwinism

The product of natural selection of those persons best suited to existing living conditions.

Americanization

The influence American culture has on the culture of other countries.

populist party

A US political party that sought to represent the interests of farmers and laborers.

GOSPEL OF WEALTH

An article written that describes the responsibility of philanthropy by the new upper class of self-made rich.

SOCIAL GOSPEL MOVEMENT

It was a Christian intellectual movement that was most prominent in the early 20th century US and Canada

PROGRESSIVISM

Progressivism is a broad philosophy based on the Idea of Progress

John D ROCKERFELLER

John D. Rockefeller was the head of the Standard Oil Company and one of the world's richest men. He used his fortune to fund ongoing philanthropic causes.

ANDREW CARNEGIE

Scottish-born Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919) was an American industrialist who amassed a fortune in the steel industry then became a major philanthropist.

JP MORGAN

One of the most powerful bankers of his era, J.P. (John Pierpont) Morgan (1837-1913) financed railroads and helped organize U.S. Steel, General Electric and other major corporations.

CORNELIUS VADERBILT

Shipping and railroad tycoon Cornelius Vanderbilt (1794-1877) was a self-made multi-millionaire who became one of the wealthiest Americans of the 19th century

THOMAS EDISON

was an American inventor and businessman. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camara, and a long-lasting, practical electric light bulb.

HENRY FORD

While working as an engineer for the Edison Illuminating Company in Detroit, Henry Ford (1863-1947) built his first gasoline-powered horseless carriage, the Quadricycle, in the shed behind his home.

Samuel GOMPERS

Samuel Gompers was an early labor leader, first in his own union and later as president of the American Federation of Labor

WILLIAM "BOSS" TWEED

was a legendary corrupt political leader of New York City in the years following the Civil War. Along with members of the “Tweed Ring,” he was suspected of siphoning untold millions of dollars from the city’s coffers before public outrage turned against him and he was prosecuted.

UPTON SINCLAIR

Upton Sinclair was an activist writer whose works, including 'The Jungle' and 'Boston,' often uncovered social injustices.

JACOB RISS

Was a Danish-born American muckraker journalist, photographer, and social reformer. He is known for his dedication to using his photojournalistic talents to help the less fortunate in New York City which was the subject of most of his prolific writings and photographic essays. As one of the first photographers to use flash, which allowed him to document the reality of people's situations in the dark slum areas at night, he is considered a pioneer in photography.

Theodore Roosevelt

A New York governor who became the 26th U.S. president, Theodore Roosevelt is remembered for his foreign policy, corporate reforms and ecological preservation.

William taft

William Howard Taft was elected the 27th President of the United States (1909-1913) and later became the tenth Chief Justice of the United States (1921-1930), the only person to have served in both of these offices.

MUCKRAKER

The people who search for and expose real or alleged corruption, scandal, or the like, especially in politics.

MEAT INSPECTION ACT

of 1906 (FMIA) is a United State Congress Act that works to prevent adulterated or misbranded meat and meat products from being sold as food and to ensure that meat and meat products are slaughtered and processed under sanitary conditions.

INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSUIN (ICC)

Was a regulatory agency in the United statescreated by the Interstate CommerceAct of 1887.

CHILDRE'S BUREAU 1912

Was formally created in 1912 when President William Howard Taft signed into law a bill creating the new federal government organization.

SHERMAN ANTI-TRUST ACT

The Sherman Antitrust Act, the first federal antitrust law, authorized federal action against any "combination in the form of trusts or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade."

16th AMENDMENT

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes.

17th AMENDMENT

The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State.

18th AMENDMENT

The act of prohibiting the manufacture, transportation and sale of alcohol.

19th AMENDMENT

The right of citizens to vote shall not be denied by any State on account of sex.