Iraq

By:Tanmayi Gottipati

Food

Popular food include kebab (beef and vegetables cooked on a skewer) and masgouf (a whole fish grilled over an outside barbecue).

Khubuz is a traditional flatbread ending with a serving of dark, sweet tea.

Religion

Religions are Shii Muslim , Sunni Muslim , and Christian.

Muslims pray five times a day and fast (don't eat or drink) in the month of Ramadan.

The Christian population is small.

Christians dress in everyday street clothes and don't cover their heads Muslims cover their heads with abayas and dress in long dresses.

Music, dance, and art

The traditional music in Iraq is the maqam.

Maqam songs are based on Arabic poetry and you play it slowly.

Dance is very important in Iraq the hacha'a is a popular dance among Arabs.

Painters in Baghdad became famous for their small, colorful paintings called miniature paintings.

Tradition and holidays

At the end of hajj, the yearly pilgrimage to Mecca, Muslims celebrate Eid al-Adha.

Mawlid al-Nabi celebrates the birth of Muhammad.

Traditionally, Kurds follow a solar calendar called shamsi.

According to the shamsi, the new year begins at the time of the spring equinox.

Kurdish girls wear long dresses that are brightly colored Kurdish boys wear coats that are embroided with silver or gold.

Sports

Football and soccer are Iraqis common sports.

The team name is Lions of Mesopotamia.

Their head coach is Yahya Alwan.

Intresting facts

Summer temperatures in Iraq are 100 degrees in day in winter daytime is 60 degrees.

National animal is a goat.

The hero Gilgamesh is now in lots of books in Iraq he is a legendary king in the city of Uruk.

Iraq is in the Middle East.

It is about as large as California.

Northern Iraq has mountains and foothills southern Iraq has deserts and valleys.

Their houses are either made of mud or clay.

The national symbol is a black and gold eagle carrying a shield that looks like their flag.

Flag

The flag of Iraq, most recently adopted in 2008, features three horizontal bands of red, white, and black.

Written in green on the white band is the Arabic phrase Allahu Akbar, which translates as God Is Great.

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Language

The main language of Iraq is Arabic, Kurdish has official status in Kurdish areas.

The Aramaic language has fewer consonants then Arabic, so during the 7th century new Arabic letters were created by adding dots to existing letters in order to avoid ambiguities.

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Animals

Iraq is a country with lots of animals.

Most of them are wild.

The national bird is the golden eagle.

The national animal is a lion.

National Anthem of Iraq (Mwtini)

Bibliography

"Iraq." Blackbirch Kid's Visual Reference of the World. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale, 2009. Kids InfoBits. Web. 16 Dec. 2015.


"Iraq." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.


"Iraq: Food." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2015. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.


Google Images


"Iraq." World Book Kids. World Book, 2015. Web. 03 Dec. 2015.


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