Vietnam War

"I Know" Terms

Cold War-military tensions between Soviet Union and U.S.

Containment-the U.S. policy to stop the spread of communism

Draft-was a way of forcing people to join the military and go to war

Ho Chi Minh-Communist leader of North Vietnam

Domino Theory-After one person falls to communist more people will start falling to communism

Ngo Dinh Diem-he was the non-communist leader of South Vietnam

Viet Cong-they were the communist group in South Vietnam

"I Don't Know" Terms

DMZ(Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone)-it was a dividing line between North and South Vietnam

General William Westmoreland-he was a retired four star general that commanded the army

My Lai Massacre-in 1968 a platoon of soldiers killed between 200-500 unarmed civilians in My Lai

National Liberation Front-designed to liberate South Vietnam from the Viet Minh

Pentagon Papers-seceret department of defense study of U.S. political and military involvement from 1945-1967

Tet offensive- on January 31,1968, 70,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces launched Tet offensive. it was a series of fierce attacks on more than 100 cities and towns in South Vietnam.

Vietnamization-U.S. policy during the Vietnam War of giving South Vietnamese government responsibility for caring on the war so as to allow for the withdraw of U.S troops.

Pathways to War, The Gulf of Tonkin incident

The american armies were attacked by Northern Vietnamese and LBJ needed to somehow try and stop this. LBJ tried to fly planes over and drop bombs on the north vietnamese and it was later repealed in 1971

The impact of the Gulf of Tonkin was that it made the North Vietnamese angry and they ended up attacking the United States more.

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Creating context

1. France ruled indo-China

2. Ho Chi Minh forms indochinese communist party

3. 1940 Japan takes over Vietnam Ho Chi Minh leads rebellion fight for independence

4. Ngo Dinh Diem cancels the election in Vietnam because he knows he will lose

5.U.S. Supports canceling of elections

6. The Vietcong began attacking Diems government

7. Minh began supplying the Vietcong with weapons

8. Kennedy sends money to Diem to help fight communists

9. 1963 16,000 u.s. Troops are sent to Vietnam to start fighting

10. Dimes death leads the south to be unstable

11. Vietnam soldiers fire at U.S. Ships and the Tonkin Gulf occurs

12. 1965 first major U.S. Combat units arrive

13. U.S. Troops fight Vietcong

14. War is coming to end

15. 1969 U.S. Troops leave Vietnam

Veterans of Vietnam

Riley Michalski-

Hallywood Kirkland was an african American drafted into the millitary at the age of 22 in 1966. He immediatley went to fort jackson in Carolina where he speaks that they tried to transform his mind from a civilian mind to a military mind. He was in a recon unit that would seek out the vietcong and call in airstrikes on their position. Kirkland soon left the military with honorable discharges and went back to the states.

Vietnam Veterans

Casie Miller-

Many of the soldiers came home from fighting in the war and there were people who just looked at them without saying anything. Usually when you see someone in uniform you say thank you for serving but when they came home the people looked the other way and they felt like the fought for no reason. Looking back those people should have said something for what they did, they risked their lives for us and should have been thanked when they arrived back home.

Vietnam Veterans

Most Veterans entered the war early because of the draft. A lot of them sacrificed not only their lives, they also scarified their ability to get an education. Most of them came back, a lot of them had PTSD, the war was hard. They never knew who to shoot at, so they would have to kill innocent people sometimes. The toll of that would be awful. A lot of veterans had trouble getting work after the war, as do most. So they were forced to live on these streets. Unfortunately, most went to alcohol to 'fix' their situation. They served our country and went through the worst, they should be treated better and have been rewarded for their service.

-Zach Pratt

Protest Music

1. I Feel Like I'm Fixin to Die Rag

2. Universal Soldier

3. Draft Dodger Rag

4.Get Together

5. Put a Little Love In Your Heart

6. Masters of War

7. It Better End Soon

8. Where Have All The Flowers Gone

9. People Got To be Free


We chose "I Feel Like Im Fixin to Die Rag" because it directly references the draft and that it is pointless to go to war with them.

We chose "Universal Soldier" because it said that no matter what race or religion people were they were killing each other for pointless reasons.

We chose "Draft Dodger Rag" because it says that no matter what age you were or what sickness you had you still had to serve. The pople thought the government was just wasting bodies.

Hero or Villain ?

Hugh Thompson was a united states helicopter pilot during the Vietnam war. He is truly a hero for his actions at the My Lai Massacre. During the massacre Thompson rescued the vietnamese civilians from the U.S. soldiers killing them for no reason. He rescued civilians and told the chopper gunners to "Shoot any american firing at civilians" Thompson saw past the war and saw how wrong it was to shoot civilians, this is why i believe he is a hero.

On the other hand we have William Calley. I believe that Calley is the villain in this scenario. Calley round up men, women, as well as children and put them in a five foot deep ditch when he then told the troops he was commanding to shoot them. He authorized the killing of civilians and fir that i believe him to be the villain.