"I Know" Terms
Containment-the U.S. policy to stop the spread of communism
Draft-was a way of forcing people to join the military and go to war
Ho Chi Minh-Communist leader of North Vietnam
Domino Theory-After one person falls to communist more people will start falling to communism
Ngo Dinh Diem-he was the non-communist leader of South Vietnam
Viet Cong-they were the communist group in South Vietnam
"I Don't Know" Terms
General William Westmoreland-he was a retired four star general that commanded the army
My Lai Massacre-in 1968 a platoon of soldiers killed between 200-500 unarmed civilians in My Lai
National Liberation Front-designed to liberate South Vietnam from the Viet Minh
Pentagon Papers-seceret department of defense study of U.S. political and military involvement from 1945-1967
Tet offensive- on January 31,1968, 70,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces launched Tet offensive. it was a series of fierce attacks on more than 100 cities and towns in South Vietnam.
Vietnamization-U.S. policy during the Vietnam War of giving South Vietnamese government responsibility for caring on the war so as to allow for the withdraw of U.S troops.
Pathways to War, The Gulf of Tonkin incident
The impact of the Gulf of Tonkin was that it made the North Vietnamese angry and they ended up attacking the United States more.
2. Ho Chi Minh forms indochinese communist party
3. 1940 Japan takes over Vietnam Ho Chi Minh leads rebellion fight for independence
4. Ngo Dinh Diem cancels the election in Vietnam because he knows he will lose
5.U.S. Supports canceling of elections
6. The Vietcong began attacking Diems government
7. Minh began supplying the Vietcong with weapons
8. Kennedy sends money to Diem to help fight communists
9. 1963 16,000 u.s. Troops are sent to Vietnam to start fighting
10. Dimes death leads the south to be unstable
11. Vietnam soldiers fire at U.S. Ships and the Tonkin Gulf occurs
12. 1965 first major U.S. Combat units arrive
13. U.S. Troops fight Vietcong
14. War is coming to end
15. 1969 U.S. Troops leave Vietnam
Veterans of Vietnam
Hallywood Kirkland was an african American drafted into the millitary at the age of 22 in 1966. He immediatley went to fort jackson in Carolina where he speaks that they tried to transform his mind from a civilian mind to a military mind. He was in a recon unit that would seek out the vietcong and call in airstrikes on their position. Kirkland soon left the military with honorable discharges and went back to the states.
Casie Miller-Many of the soldiers came home from fighting in the war and there were people who just looked at them without saying anything. Usually when you see someone in uniform you say thank you for serving but when they came home the people looked the other way and they felt like the fought for no reason. Looking back those people should have said something for what they did, they risked their lives for us and should have been thanked when they arrived back home.
2. Universal Soldier
3. Draft Dodger Rag
5. Put a Little Love In Your Heart
6. Masters of War
7. It Better End Soon
8. Where Have All The Flowers Gone
9. People Got To be Free
We chose "I Feel Like Im Fixin to Die Rag" because it directly references the draft and that it is pointless to go to war with them.
We chose "Universal Soldier" because it said that no matter what race or religion people were they were killing each other for pointless reasons.
We chose "Draft Dodger Rag" because it says that no matter what age you were or what sickness you had you still had to serve. The pople thought the government was just wasting bodies.
Hero or Villain ?
On the other hand we have William Calley. I believe that Calley is the villain in this scenario. Calley round up men, women, as well as children and put them in a five foot deep ditch when he then told the troops he was commanding to shoot them. He authorized the killing of civilians and fir that i believe him to be the villain.