AUSTRALIA

The LUCKY Country!

What Is It?

Australia is a Country. A country is an expanse of land, a nation with its own government. Australia is part of the continent known as Australasia. It has 6 states and 2 territories. They are New South Wales, ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, Western Australia, the Northern Territory and Queensland.

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Location

Australia is located on the planet Earth. It can be found in the Southern Hemisphere, just south of the Equator, in the continent Australasia.

Australia’s neighbouring countries include New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. The waters that surround Australia are the Arafura and Timor Seas to the north and the Indian Ocean to the west. To the east of Australia are the Pacific Ocean and the Coral Sea. To the south of Australia are the Southern Ocean and the Great Australian Bight.

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Population

The population of Australia is approximately 24,151,300 and surprisingly about 12,000,000 is male and 12,000,000 is female. The largest city is Sydney, New South Wales with about 4,627,345.

More Population Information

Australians come from over 200 different birthplaces. The majority of the population are Australian born with 2% from indigenous backgrounds. 43% of Australians have at least one parent who was born overseas and 30% of the populations were born in another country. The major countries of birth are England, New Zealand and China.


Collectively, Australians speak over 200 languages. Other than English the most common spoken languages are Chinese, Italian, Greek and Arabic and over 50 Indigenous languages are spoken.

Religion

The major religion in Australia is Christianity. The other major religions include Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism and Judaism. About 7,361 Australians practise Aboriginal traditional religions. 22% of Australians have no religion.

Climate

Australia is a large country with a varied climate. It has 4 seasons which are Summer, Autumn, Winter and Spring. Summer ranges from December to February, Autumn is from March to May, Winter goes from June to August and Spring ranges from September to November. There are wet and dry seasons in the north.

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More About Climate

In Australia it rains occasionally in most places but is sunny most of the time. It only snows only on the mountains. The temperature ranges from the lowest temperature of -5 degrees Celsius to the highest temperature of 40 degrees Celsius. It is the hottest in the North West and the coldest in Snowy Mountains.

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Environment

Australia is the sixth largest country on Earth which covers around 12 million square kilometres. Its ocean territory is the world's third largest, spanning three oceans. There is a variety of different environments including rainforest, bushland, desert, reef, coastal, beach, mountain areas and more. Some examples of the environments include the Daintree rainforest, The Outback (Uluru), Kakadu, Great Barrier Reef, Bondi Beach, Blue Mountains, Sydney and more.

Fauna

More than 80 per cent of our plants, mammals, reptiles and frogs are unique to Australia. Marsupials like koalas, kangaroos and many others can be found nowhere else in the world. Australia’s two egg laying mammals, the platypus and the echidna are the only monotremes in world. Other unique Australian animals include the emu, dingo and frilled neck lizard.

Flora

Australia has a wide variety of flora also. 91 per cent of Australia is covered by native vegetation. Many of Australia's desert landscapes are covered by native plants. Australia has a staggering 24,000 species of native plants. The main native groups of plants found across Australia include the Acacia, with 954 species including wattle. The Eucalypt group has 700 species including the gum trees. The Grevillea is also native to Australia and includes the Banksia. Also the Melaleuca is unique to Australia. The Paperbark is a common type of melaleuca.

Significant Sites

There are many unique and famous icons in Australia. Some natural icons are Uluru (monolith, also known as Ayres Rock), Great Barrier Reef (lively with sea animals and coral), 12 Apostles (limestone rocks, only 8 left) and more. The man built icons include, the Sydney Opera House (lots of amazing performances, many rooms), Harbour Bridge (really big bridge) and more.

Some Interesting Facts About Australia

There are many interesting facts about Australia. About 91% of Australia is covered by native vegetation. The largest population of Greek people, beside Greece, can be found in Melbourne, Victoria. The wattle was chosen as the national emblem in only 1912. Over 200 languages are spoken in Australia and about 25% of Australian were born overseas. It has 16 world heritage listed sites. Australia was the 2nd country to allow women to vote. Kevin Rudd’s apology to indigenous Australians in 2007 is still viewed by many people. Australia has the world’s largest cattle station which is as big as Belgium!